Children of John and Ann Wigham

01. Jane Wigham

Children of John and Sarah Wigham

01. John Thomas Wigham

1832-09-19  b. 10 Salisbury Road, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland birth digest (Scotland)
1841 with his family at Blawlowards (?), Logie, Perth, Scotland 1841 Scotland census
1851 of 10 Salisbury Road, Edinburgh, living with his family, cook, house maid, and gardener 1851 Scotland census


JOHN T. WIGHAM respectfully informs his Friends and the Public, that the above Establishment WILL BE OPENED on Saturday the 10th Instant, with a great Variety of PLAIN and FANCY BREAD, of a very superior Quality, and at a moderate Price. He guarantees that no Alum or any other deleterious Substance is used in its Manufacture.

J.T.W. will also have a large Assortment of PLAIN and FANCY BISCUITS, but the STEAM MACHINERY for this Department will not be complete for Two or Three Weeks.

J.T.W. having been engaged for several Years in the extensive Works of CARR and CO. of Carlisle, can recommend his Articles with some Degree of Confidence.

Newcastle Journal



JOHN T. WIGHAM solicits the Attention of the Public of Newcastle and Gateshead to the very superior Quality of his Bread, and which he is proud to say is unrivalled in the North of England, either for Whiteness or Sweetness.

These valuable Qualities are obtained by selecting from the Continents of both Europe and America the finest Descriptions of Flour, the beautiful Properties of which he is principally indebted for the extensive Patronage which his Bread has secured for him from all Classes. This Result is also party owing to the Yeast he uses, which is manufactured by himself, on the System adopted in Paris, which has so long been renowned for the Quality of its Bread, and which is so much more wholesome than that made from German Yeast.

G.T.W. guarantees that no Alum, or any deleterious Substance is used in its manufacture.

J.T.W.'s BISCUITS will also be found well worthy of Attention, as they are made of the best Materials, and by new Machinery on the most approved Principles.

The extensive Demand he has had for his Soda Scones, Tea Cakes, Oat Cakes, &c., prove their great Superiority.

Newcastle Chronicle



CALLS the attention of the Public to the present Prices of his Bread:—

Very Best White Bread, 10½d per 4lb Loaf.

     Household do. (Seconds) 9d per       "          

     Household do. (Thirds) 8d per       "       

    Brown Bread           7d per       "

Guaranteed to be Sweet and free from Alum.

Flour, 3s 8d, 3s 6d, 3s 4d.


Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury
1855-11 contributed £0.5.0 to the Highland Destitution Fund The Friend XIII


HAS much pleasure in bringing before the notice of the Public a new kind of BREAD which he has begun to make from INDIAN CORN FLOUR, and which, from its delicate Flavour and moderate Price (2d per lb), he can confidently recommend.

Indian Corn Flour, 2s per Stone.

Indian Meal (highly recommended for Cattle Feeding), 1s 8d per Stone.

Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury

WANTED, a confidential PORTER & GATEKEEPER.—Apply to J.T. WIGHAM, 59, Northumberland Street, Newcastle.

Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury
1856-08-14 at Newcastle Police Court:

SUMMONS AGAINST A TRADESMAN FOR A SMOKE NUISANCE.—Mr J.T. Wigham, baker, Northumberland street, was summoned for neglecting to comply with the provisions of the Town Improvement Act of 1853, for the prevention of smoke nuisance. The Town Clerk, Mr Clayton, appeared in support of the charge on behalf of the Corporation, and previous to calling the witnesses, stated that it was the first proceeding under the act. He read the clause, which provides that after a month's notice by the inspector of nuisances to any party to discontinue or alter any fire or furnace, whether on land or water, within the borough, so as to prevent smoke nuisance, the party neglecting to comply with the notice shall be liable to the penalty of 40s a-day for such non-compliance. In this case, Mr Clayton continued, the defendant had made no change in his furnace and made no attempt to consume the smoke. The inspector of nuisances had given him one month's notice, and after proving the existence of the nuisance they should have to ask for the imposition of the fine of 40s.—Mr Thomas Dawson, inspector of nuisances, was then called, and stated that his attention had been called to the premises of the defendant by parties who occupied property in the neighbourhood, and were very much annoyed from the smoke getting into their dwellings, upon their carpets and food, and affecting their comfort in various ways. He took a register, the result of which he showed on a diagram, which he put in as evidence, and which indicated the proportions of black smoke which issued from the place at various times. The smoke was of a very offensive character; it had a different smell from ordinary smoke, and was particularly noxious. There were in the place six furnaces used in heating ovens for baking bread, and there was an engine of about six-horse power. All the flues led independently to chimneys at the top, which were so small that the smoke seemed to have a difficulty in getting out, and the smoke came down as if diluted with water and got into the houses. He considered that the object of consuming the smoke could be effected with much more ease than in many other places. It could be done by connecting the furnaces with one main chimney;—the heated air from the furnaces would assist in consuming the smoke generated, and the large chimney or shaft for carrying off the smoke should be raised to eleven or twelve feet above the tops of the adjacent houses. He served a notice on the defendant in October 1855, and had made complaints to him since and told him he was making observations of the place, but nothing had been done.—Mr Wigham complained that he did not receive the summons till last night, so that he had had no opportunity to prepare himself to meet the case.—Mr Ellison said if there was reasonable ground for an adjournment, it might be granted.—Mr Wigham said he hoped to prove there was not the nuisance.—The Town Clerk said he thought when the defendant heard what his neighbours said he would think it in vain to try to prove that.—Mr Scott, inspector of police at Prudhoe-street station, was then called, and deposed that he had seen smoke coming over into Prudhoe-street from defendant's premises at the back of Northumberland-street. He had seen it fall almost like a cloud; and the chimney being only the height of some of the windows the smoke went direct into the dwelling rooms. It was very offensive to the neighbourhood.—By Mr WIGHAM: Was certain the smoke came from the premises of defendant, because he knew exactly their position. The chimneys were not carried up sufficiently to take the smoke away.—Mr Lawson, a resident near the place, said the nuisance for some time had been very bad. It commenced on Sunday evenings when the fires were made on. They dare not open their windows for it, and it was impossible to get ventilation at the back part of the houses. The carpets on the floor and staircase were completely destroyed by the smoke. The engine was a large one, but the chimneys were only ordinary house chimneys.—Mr Edmondson, Prudhoe-street, corroborated the last witness. There were five funnels to the chimneys, which he considered these insufficient.—Mr WIGHAM, in defence, said only a single load of coals a-week was used.—Mr ELLISON: You are still bound to consume the smoke of that load under the act.—The Town Clerk said whether it was one cart load or a hundred he was bound to consume the smoke. He added, however, that if defendant would undertake to make the necessary alterations they would not press for the fine.—Mr WIGHAM: I do not see any practical means of remedying it.—Mr Dawson was re-called and gave his opinion that it would take a month for the defendant to get done what was required.—Mr Ellison impressed upon the defendant the necessity of carrying the alterations into effect at once, remembering if he did not do so he incurred a penalty of 40s for every day he went on without it. His own good sense would point out to him the necessity of doing what was required at once. The summons, therefore, would be adjourned for a month. If by that time the alteration was carried into effect nothing more would be done, but if not, the penalty would be inflicted, with probably an additional penalty for every day the nuisance continued.—The defendant promised to see what could be done in the matter and then left the court.

Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 1856-08-16
1856 Q4 m. 1. Elizabeth Weatherhead (cal 1833 – 1869), Newcastle RD The British Friend XVII.VI:165; The Friend; GRO index; Newcastle Courant, 1869-12-24

A SALESMAN WANTED. Salary, 20s per week.—Apply to J.T. WIGHAM, 59, Northumberland Street.

Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury



BEGS to inform his Friends and the Public that he has OPENED a SHOP, No. 63, CLAYTON STREET, (next door to the Guardian Newspaper officer), in addition to his SHOPS in Northumberland Street, and Gateshead, for the sale of BREAD, BISCUITS, and FLOUR, all of which he can confidently recommend, and at Prices which will suit all customers.—GERMAN YEAST.

Nov. 14th, 1856.

Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 1856-12-06



HAS just received a large lot of FIRST-CLASS YARMOUTH FLOUR, which he is disposing of at 2s 2d per stone, and 2s 1d in 10 stone quantities.


Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury


J. T. WIGHAM has much pleasure in announcing that, owing to the great Fall in the Value of Flour, he is enabled to sell the different descriptions of Household Bread at greatly Reduced Prices. Sent to any part of the town.


Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury


SCHOOLS and TEA-PARTIES provided with Tea Bread on the most liberal terms, and with a day's notice.



Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury

J. T. WIGHAM has much pleasure in announcing that, notwithstanding the recent extensive rise in the Value of Flour, he continues to sell the different descriptions of Household Bread and Fancy Biscuits at greatly Reduced Prices. Sent to any part of the town.





For home use and exportation. For cheapness and quality unsurpassed.—Apply to



Liverpool Mercury
Child: Sarah Elizabeth (1859 – after 1930) The British Friend XVII.VI:165; TNA: RG 10; Brooker Pedigrees (Society of Genealogists Library); 1930 United States Federal Census
1858 baker, of 59 Northumberland street 1858 Post Office Directory
1858/1859 rated on his shop at 59 Northumberland Street list of burgesses
1859-04-29 daughter born at Northumberland Street, Newcastle-on-Tyne The British Friend XVII.VI:165
1859/1861 rated on his house and shop at 59 Northumberland Street lists of burgesses
1861 biscuit manufacturer employing 4 men 1 woman, 4 boys, living with his wife and daughter at 59–61 Northumberland Street, Newcastle, with a general servant TNA: RG 9/3821
1862 At various times, borrowed money from his father, to set himself up in business in Newcastle, of which (with interest) the balance outstanding at his father's death was £2078.15.4d. Additionally, he owed rent to his father on his business premises there, which in 1862 was treated as a bad debt worth not more than 5/- in the pound, so £765.14.11d. Scottish Record Office SC70/4/82, pp. 479-543 and SC70/1/113, pp. 367-382


A LARGE BISCUIT MANUFACTORY, situated in NORTHUMBERLAND STREET, with Seven Ovens, Steam Engine, and Machinery, all in good working order.

Apply to J.T. WIGHAM, on the Premises.

Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury
1869-11-14 wife died, aged 36, at Hartford House, Jamaica The Friend NS X.Jan:24; The British Friend Jan:26

At HARTFORD ESTATE, Jamaica, on the 14th Nov., aged 36, Elizabeth, wife of John T. Wigham, Esq., J.P., fo [sc. of] Hartford and Elmwood, formerly of this town.

Newcastle Courant, 1869-12-24
before 1874-08-07 m. 2. Lucy Ann Elizabeth____ (cal 1837 – 1897) The Friend; The British Friend; Jamaica death registration
1874-08-07 of Hartford, Jamaica Mosscroft visitors' book
1874-08-22 of Jamaica
1884 of Elmwood, Jamaica; late of Newcastle-on-Tyne The Friend
1884-09-12 to be returning officer for Portland and St Thomas electoral district, for the election of members to serve in the Legislative Council of Jamaica Colonies and India
1893-07-24 gave evidence at York assizes in a slander case; had worked for 12½ years in the employment of William Sanderson, ship store and provision merchant, the plaintiff Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette, 1893-07-25 [doubtful identification]
1897-07-10 d. at Kingston, Jamaica, aged 64 The Friend XXXVII:526, 1897-08-06, The British Friend VI Sept:260; Jamaica, Civil Registration birth, marriage, and death records

02. Sarah Elizabeth Wigham


1834-03-12 b. 10 Salisbury Road, Newington, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland Strath Maxwell; The Friend; census
1841 with her family at Blawlowards (?), Logie, Perth, Scotland 1841 Scotland census
1851 of 10 Salisbury Road, Edinburgh, living with her family, cook, house maid, and gardener 1851 Scotland census
1854-08-31 of Edinburgh; d. at the Bridge of Allan, near Stirling, aged 20 The Friend XII.142:196, Oct 1854; burial digest (Scotland); The Scotsman, 1854-09-09
  bur. Quaker Burial Ground, The Pleasance, Edinburgh photo of gravestone at, accessed 2008-10-03
1855 Memorial of S.E., daughter of J. and S. Wigham, etc., privately printed at Edinburgh online

03. Anna Mary Wigham

1836-07-10 b. 10 Salisbury Road, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland birth digest (Scotland)
1841 with her family at Blawlowards (?), Logie, Perth, Scotland 1841 Scotland census
1851 stayed a few days in lodgings in London, en route to Lewes, with Elizabeth and Anna Deborah Richardson. Saw the sights and the Great Exhibition Elizabeth Spence Watson's Reminiscences
1851 scholar at 45 High Street, St Michael, Lewes, Sussex TNA: HO 107/1643 f387 p4
1861 living with her family at 10 Salisbury Road, St Cuthbert's, Edinburgh, with her brother's attendant and two domestic servants 1861 Scotland census
1863-08-30 of Carlisle Mosscroft visitors' book
1869-04-02/-08 of Carlisle; stayed at Mosscroft
1870-03-28 of Carlisle
1871 annuitant, living at Newtown House, Caldewgate, Carlisle, Cumberland with her mother, her niece, and two servants TNA: RG 10/5222 f92 p40
1872-08-01 administrator of her mother's estate, granted at Carlisle National Probate Calendar

TO JOHN HENRY, the Registrar of the District of Rathdown, in the counties of Dublin and Wicklow, I, the undersigned, Anna Mary Wigham, hereby give you notice, that a marriage is intended to be had by Licence, within three calendar months from the date hereof, between me and the other party named and described (that is to say):—Name and Surname, Anna Mary Wigham, spinster, full age, Bella Vista, Killiney, length of residence, over three weeks, usual place of worship, the Meeting of Brethren, Merrion Room, Merrion Hall, Dublin. Name and Surname, Theodore Nicholson, bachelor, gentleman, full age, Bella Vista, Killiney, length of residence, over seven days, usual place of worship, the Meeting of Brethren, Merrion Room, Merrion Hall, Dublin; building in which marriage is to be solemnized, Registrar's Office, Adelaide Road, Kingstown; district and county in which the parties respectively dwell, district of Rathdown, county of Dublin.

Witness my hand this 17th day of February, 1873.


Irish Times, 1873-02-22
1873-03-18 m. Theodore Fletcher Nicholson (1838–1909, farmer, of St Bee's, s. of William Fletcher and Marianne (Shorthouse) Nicholson), at Rathdown, Ireland "Ireland Civil Registration Indexes, 1845–1958," database, FamilySearch: 9 March 2018, MARRIAGES entry for Anna Mary Wigham, citing Rathdown, 1873, vol. 2, p. 968, General Registry, Custom House, Dublin, FHL microfilm 101,252; Brooker Pedigrees, Society of Genealogists' Library; GRO index; censuses; National Probate Calendar; Sunderland Society of Friends register of marriages; Nigel Nicholson, Nicholson Book, The Nicholson Family Library, The Rectory, Cranleigh, Surrey, GU6 8AS—published in Great Britain by Athenaeum Press Ltd
Children: Theodora (1874–1880), Ethel Maud (1875–1952), Frederick (1877–1921) Annual Monitor; Brooker Pedigrees; Nicholson Book; censuses; GRO index; information from Catriona Kelly
1881 farmer's wife, living with her family and two servants at Orton Park Mansion, Orton, Cumberland RG 11/5163 f12 p18
1884-04-06 with her husband, present at the funeral of Jonathan Dodgson Carr, in Carlisle Carlisle Express and Examiner, 1884-04-12
  a very religious woman; was responsible for the conversion of her 1st cousin Frederic Nicholson, who became a well-known evangelist in the north of England Constance Nicholson Lea: 'The Story of My Life'
1890-12 received a certificate in 'First Help', after a course of lectures by the St John's Ambulance Association, held at the YWCA in Abbey Street, Carlisle Carlisle Patriot, 1890-01-17
1891 living with her husband and two servants at Collingwood Villas, Cummersdale, Cumberland RG 12/4294 f30 p29
1895-12-02 a member of the committee that managed the annual meeting of the Carlisle Railway Mission, held that night Carlisle Journal, 1895-12-03
1896-07-09 of Carlisle Bensham Grove visitors' books
1901 living with her husband, daughter, and two servants at 33 Lismore Pl., Rickergate, Cumberland RG 13/4867 f118 p43
1904-01-03 of Violet Bank, Annan, Dumfries, Scotland; d. there The Friend XLIV:48, 1901-01-15, The British Friend XIII Feb:60; Nicholson Book; National Probate Calendar
1904-11-05 will proved at London by Theodore Nicholson and Robert Spence Watson; effects £6332 19s. 3d. National Probate Calendar

04. James Anthony Wigham

1838-10-23 b. 10 Salisbury Road, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland birth digest (Scotland)
1841 with his family at Blawlowards (?), Logie, Perth, Scotland 1841 Scotland census
1851 scholar at home, of Morton Cottage, Tranent, East Lothian, Scotland, in the household of David and Margaret Barclay, with a private tutor, a general servant, and a house servant 1851 Scotland census
1853-01 his father had to make very specific provision for his youngest son, James Anthony, who "had severe convulsion fits which deprived him of speech and seriously impeared his mental powers so that it has been necessary for him to have a male attendant constantly" Scottish Record Office SC70/4/82, pp. 479-543 and SC70/1/113, pp. 367-382
1861 living with his family at 10 Salisbury Road, St Cuthbert's, Edinburgh; dumb and imbecile; as well as two other servants, a 30-year-old Irishman, John Wallace, living in as attendant of son 1861 Scottish census
1861-09-24 admitted to The Retreat by his father, @ £120 p.a.; idiocy, supposedly caused by convulsions in teething, duration 20 years Lunacy Patients Admission Registers; The Retreat registry of admissions book
1871 no occupation; patient at The Retreat, Gate Fulford, Yorkshire TNA: RG 10 4753 f58 p59
1881 no occupation; imbecile; of The Friends Retreat Lunatic Asylum, Gate Fulford, Yorkshire RG 11/4727 f67 p5
1885-10-12 of Edinburgh; d. York, of syncope 1887 Annual Monitor; Brooker Pedigrees; GRO index; The Retreat registry of discharges and deaths
  bur. York fbg Find a Grave

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