The Bourn family of Warnham and Horsham

 

Richard Bourn = Hannah ____

     |         other children        

Richard Bourn = Elizabeth Penfold

      |         other children

Susanna Bourn = James Pollard

      |         other children

William Pollard = Lucy Binns

      |         other children

Francis Edward Pollard = Mary Spence Watson

 

J1. SUSANNA POLLARD born BOURN

Susanna Bourn was born around 1789–91, in Warnham, Sussex.1

She married [I4] James Pollard on the 29th April 1813, by licence from the Archdeaconry of Lewes, at St Nicholas's parish church, Brighton, Sussex; she was described as a spinster, of St Nicholas's parish.2

Their children were: Ann (1816–1818), Eliza (1818–1859), Richard (1819–1854), Emma (1822–1826), Martha (1823–1859), Mary (1826–1851), [I3] William (1828–1893), Robert (1831–1856), and David (1834–1838), all births being registered by Surrey & Sussex quarterly meeting.3

In 1816, under her father's will, she inherited, jointly with her sister Mary Harding, as tenants in common, "All that my Messuage Buildings Malthouse Garden Orchard Croft of Land and Premises called [Gwyers?] situate lying and being in Billinghurst aforesaid and now in the occupation of Stephen Knight"; as well as an equal share with her siblings of the residue of her father's property, apart from that given to his wife.3A

Susanna applied to join the Society of Friends in February 1820, and was eventually received into membership in September 1821. She attended Women's Monthly Meeting on a couple of occasions, in 1826 and 1827.3B

In 1832 she was named in James's will.4

In 1841 she lived at Park Farm, Horsham, Sussex; her household included Edward and Ann Bourne, her nephew and niece, as well as her sister and brother-in-law, and a 19-year old girl of uncertain relationship. In December that year she represented Dorking, Horsham & Guildford Monthly Meeting at Quarterly Meeting in Horsham. She attended Monthly Meeting several times a year throughout the 1840s, and twice more attended Quarterly Meeting (1847 and 1848, the latter occasion in Brighton).5

In 1851 she still lived at Park Farm. She is described as the farmer of 140 acres, employing three labourers. Her daughter Mary, living with her, is said to have been born in Horsham. The household also included a bailiff, a house servant, and two farm servants.6

signature of Susanna (Bourn) PollardShe is thought to have found letter-writing something of a task, but clearly possessed a fair number of books.7

Susanna removed from Park Farm, probably by October 1851, and certainly by June 1854, probably to live in Reigate. She died on the 4th May 1856, in the High Street, Reigate, Surrey, after twelve months of bronchitis and general decay. She was buried in the Friends' burial ground at Reigate, on the 11th May.8

Susanna Bourne was the youngest known child of (J2) Richard and (J7) Elizabeth Bourn.9

*** For an exhaustive treatment of the lives of James and Susanna Pollard, you are welcome to download this .pdf file. Note that it is a large file—8.7 Mb. ***

 

1 death certificate; TNA: PRO HO 107/1648 f318 p8; PRO RG 4/2729.

2 William Pollard: 'Some Descendants of James and Mary Pollard', Ms book now at West Sussex Record Office; Sussex Record Society Vol. XXVI,1919, p.341, Calendar of Sussex Marriage Licences; parish register; William Pollard: 'Some Descendants of James and Mary Pollard' gives her forename as 'Susanne', corrected from 'Susanna', and her last name as 'Bourne'. The Calendar of Sussex Marriage Licences gives her surname as 'Brown', and describes her as a spinster of Brighthelmston; the licence is dated two days before the wedding; bondsmen were her husband-to-be and a Stephen Bourn of Brighthelmston, gent.

3 William Pollard: 'Some Descendants of James and Mary Pollard'; Dictionary of Quaker Biography (Friends' House Library, typescript)

3A PRO PROB 11/1576 copy will

3B Surrey Record Centre 6189 Boxes 7 & 9, 6189/155.

4 husband's will

5 PRO HO 107/1097/3 f28 p7; East Sussex Record Office SOF 22/2; SRC 6189 Box 10

6 HO 107/1648 f318 p8; forename given as "Susana".

7 David M. Blamires: 'Towards a Biography of William Pollard'; Journal of the Friends' Historical Society, Vol. 55 Nos. 3 & 4, pp.112-123

8 sale catalogue; Horsham Museum Mss SP96; death certificate; William Pollard: 'Some Descendants of James and Mary Pollard'; SRC 6189/58 & Box 11.

9 HO 107/1648 f318 p8; East Sussex Record Office baptism index; PRO RG4/2729, Leonard J. Maguire (1981) Records of the General Baptist Meeting House (now Unitarian), Horsham, Sussex. Vol. I, privately published.


J2. RICHARD BOURN

Richard Bourn was born in about 1754.1

Described as a bachelor in the parish of Wisboro' Green, as well as of Slinfold, he married (J7) Elizabeth Penfold on the 8th May 1781 at Slinfold, by licence. Their children were: James (1783–1789), Sarah (1785–1861), Ann (1787–1787) Richard (1788–1810), (J1) Susanna (cal 1791–1856), Mary (c. 1791/1794 – 1889), Stephen (cal 1794–1865), and William (cal 1796–1874). All were probably born at Warnham, and the births of most were registered at Horsham General Baptist church.2

In 1786 and 1787 Richard Bourn signed the Warnham parish accounts as a parishioner, and was one of the two Overseers in the year 1787/8.2AA

In 1790 Richard Bourn was a farmer in Billingshurst, Sussex. In June that year a Richard Bourne of Wisborough employed a labourer named James Holder.2B

In September 1791 he purchased a messuage in Horsham, "parcel of the tenement called Perry Place", from Robert Hurst. By 1806 this property was rented to an widow named Elizabeth Terry; its ownership gave Richard Bourn the right to vote, and in the election that year he voted for Wilder and Jones. At that date he himself was described as a farmer of Warnham.3

Some time between his wife's death in 1811 and February 1813 he married, secondly, Mary ____.3A

A yeoman of Warnham, he made his will on 20 February 1813. He left his son Stephen "All that my Messuage Barn Buildings Farm and Lands called Little Rowfold containing by Estimation twenty Acres more or less situate lying and being in the Parish of Billingshurst in the County of Sussex and now in the tenure or occupation of S[...] Wadey"; left his son William "All that my Messuage Barn Buildings Farm Lands and Premises called Smithaw containing by Estimation thirteen Acres more or less situate lying and being in the Parish of Slinfold in the said County of Sussex and now in my own occupation" subject to an annual rent charge of £20 and the payment of £10 annually to his wife Mary for the term of her life; left his wife "All that my Messuage Garden Orchard and Premises situate lying and being in Warnham Street in the Parish of Warnham aforesaid which I lately purchased of William Honeywood and now in the tenure or occupation of James Ellis" for the term of her natural life, and after her death to his sons Stephen and William as tenants in common; left to his daughters Susanna Bourne and Mary Harding, as tenants in common, "All that my Messuage Buildings Malthouse Garden Orchard Croft of Land and Premises called [Gwyers?] situate lying and being in Billinghurst aforesaid and now in the occupation of Stephen Knight"; to his son Stephen "the Lease of the Farm which I now hold and occupy under Sir Bysshe Shelley Baronet in the Parish of Warnham aforesaid upon condition that he take the Stock Crops and Husbandry Tackle of and belonging to the same Farm and also of and belonging to my Farm called Rowfold at a fair Valuation . . ."; left his son William "the Stock Crops and Husbandry Tackle on the said Farm called Smithaw . . . at a like valuation . . ."; apart from that given his wife he intended his property to be divided as equally as possible between his sons and daughters; had already given his daughter Sarah Moase £500, which was to be taken as part of her share.3A

In February 1814 he was a signatory to a letter in support of a Spring Fair at Horsham, for South Down Tags, to be held in April.3AA

Richard Bourn of Warnham probably died on the 14th August 1815, and was buried at Horsham General Baptist Church on the 18th.4

His will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury at London on 12 January 1816 by James Trower the nephew and Daniel Rowland, the executors.4A

Richard Bourn was the only known son of (J3) Richard and (J4) Hannah Bourn.5

 

1 Leonard J. Maguire (1891) Records of the General Baptist Meeting House (now Unitarian), Horsham, Sussex. Vol. I., privately published

2 WSRO PR 176/1/1/4; 1851 census; East Sussex Record Office baptism index; TNA: PRO RG4/2729; Maguire; PRO PROB 11/1576 copy will

2AA letter to me from John Caffyn, 2001-08-10, citing WSRO PAR 203/31/1

2B A2A, and A2A

3 source mislaid; pollbook

3A PROB 11/1576 copy will

3AA Sussex Weekly Advertiser

4 RG 4/2729 f44

4A PROB 11/1576 copy will

5 WSRO PAR 106/1/1/3


J3. RICHARD BOURN

Richard Bourn was born in about 1720.1

He married (J4) Hannah ____ before 1747. They had four known children: Hannah (cal 1747–1815), Sarah (cal 1750–1823), (J2) Richard (cal 1754–1815), and Mary (? – after 1784).2

He died some time in the first half of 1807, and his body was buried in Grave 12M of the Billingshurst General Baptist burial ground.3

Described as a yeoman, of Billingshurst, Sussex, his will was proved at Chichester on 6 June 1807. He left £20 to his grandson Benjamin Bourn, £30 to his daughter Mary Potter (over and above the £300 debt to her husband which the latter had agreed to cancel, subject to this £30 bequest), £500 to his executors in trust for his daughter Sarah for life, and the residue to his children Richard, Hannah Trower, and Mary Potter, share and share alike. His estate was valued at under £800 (£27,168 at 2005 values).4

 

1–2 Leonard J. Maguire (1985) The General Baptist Meeting House now known as the Free Christian Church (Unitarian) Billingshurst

3 Maguire; TNA: PRO IR 26/316/81

4 PRO IR 26/316/81

 


J4. HANNAH BOURN born ____

Hannah ____ was born in about 1721.1

She married (J3) Richard Bourn before 1747. They had four known children: Hannah (cal 1747–1815), Sarah (cal 1750–1823), (J2) Richard (cal 1754–1815), and Mary (? – after 1784).2

She died in February 1793, and her body was buried in Grave 12M of the Billingshurst General Baptist burial ground.3

 

 

1–3 Leonard J. Maguire (1985) The General Baptist Meeting House now known as the Free Christian Church (Unitarian) Billingshurst

 


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