Child of Richard and Rachel Treadwell

01. Oliver Fereira Naylor Treadwell, MRCS (Eng.)

1860-03-26 b. Beaufort West, Cape of Good Hope censuses; William Pollard: 'Some Descendants of James and Mary Pollard', Ms book at West Sussex RO
1871 living with his parents and a Treadwell cousin of his father's, at 14 Stanley St Pendennis, Portsea, Hampshire TNA: RG 10/1146 f39 p15
1880-06-25 of Brixton; a prizeman and winner of a certificate at the prize-giving of the medical and surgical college of St Thomas's Hospital, London London Daily News, 1880-06-26
1881 medical student, visitor in the household of Fredk Henry Wollaston, dentist, at 2 Kings Terr, Landport, Portsea TNA: RG 11/1158 f51 p10
Mem. R. Coll. Surg. Eng. The Medical Register, 1883; The Medical Directory,  1885
1882 Lic. Soc. Apoth. Lond.; St Thomas's
1882-03-20 of 23 Lorn Road, Brixton, London, S.W.; registers
1883 witness in the murder trial of Johanna Culverwell, at the Old Bailey:

OLIVER TREADWELL . I am assistant medical officer of Her Majesty's' Gaol at Clerkenwell—I saw the prisoner the morning after her admission, the 30th August—I have seen her since from time to time, and spoken to her with a view to ascertain the present state of her mind—I spoke to her on the subject of the charge—she told me that she had put the child in this pail of water, and that she believed it was dead—I asked her why she had put it there, but she could not give me any reason—she said she loved the baby very much—I may add that she attempted suicide in the prison on the evening of the 29th—in my opinion at the time she did this act she was suffering from melancholia—I do not think she knew that she was committing the crime of murder—she appeared to remember that she did the particular act, but was not conscious of the nature and quality of it—she has since told me that she had been in a lunatic asylum before—that fact would confirm my opinion.

Cross-examined. My opinion is that at the time she put the child in the pan she did not, from the state of her mind, know the nature and quality of the act that she was doing—it is not only from her own statement that I learnt she had been in a lunatic asylum, I have had corroborative evidence of her being there.

1883-09-06 gave evidence to the inquest on the death of John Jackson, at Clerkenwell:

Dr. Oliver Treadwell, 17, Myddelton-square, assistant surgeon in charge of Clerkenwell Prison, said he saw deceased soon after the attack, Dr. Morgan, witness's colleague, having previously seen him. The report the latter gave of the case was that deceased was conscious, but paralysed on the left side, and appeared to be getting better. Soon after this, however, deceased lapsed into an unconscious condition, this being probably due to the apoplexy. Witness ordered the usual remedies in such cases, and considering he was not fit to be removed, ordered that he was not to be removed. Death took place at three o'clock. There was no doubt, from the symptoms, that death was due to apoplexy.

Islington Gazette, 1883-09-07
1885 of 7 St Mary's Vale, Chatham, Kent; asst surg. Chatham Conv. Prison The Medical Directory,  1885
1885-07-30 or 1885-08-06 m. Ellen Elizabeth Eames (1865–1952, b. New Cross, London), in Croydon RD GRO index; censuses

TREADWELL—EAMES.—At St. Paul's, Upper Norwood, Mr. Oliver F.N. Treadwell, M.R.C.S., of Durham, son of Mr. Richard Treadwell, of the Home Office, to Ellen E., daughter of Mr. Alfred Eames, of The Knoll, Anerley-hill, Upper Norwood, Aug. 6.

St James's Gazette, 1885-08-08

WEDDING BREAKFAST AT THE CRYSTAL PALACE.—On Thursday, the 30th ult., the marriage of the youngest daughter of Mr. Alfred Eames, who was so long and honourably connected with the Royal Naval School, New Cross, to Mr. Oliver Treadwell, of Durham, took place at St. Paul's, Hamlet-road, Upper Norwood. The Rev. J.C. Wetherall, vicar of St. Peter's, Brockley, officiated at the ceremony, Mr. Batley presiding at the organ. The relatives and friends of the two families afterwards proceeded to a private suite of apartments at the Crystal Palace, which had been engaged from Messrs. Bertram and Roberts, the carriages passing through the grounds—by special permission of the Directors of the Crystal Palace Company—by the private entrance at Rockhills. Upwards of thirty guests were entertained in the principal room, which commands a beautiful view of the surrounding country.

Kentish Mercury, 1885-08-07
Children: Oliver Richard Alfred (1886–1906), Inez Nelly (1889–1960), and Robert Naylor (1893–1917), all b. Durham, Durham GRO index; censuses; "India Deaths and Burials, 1719–1948," database, FamilySearch: 3 December 2014, Oliver Richard Alfred Treadwell, 27 Sep 1906; citing FHL microfilm 527,537; National Probate Calendar; CWGC
1887-01-16 medical officer at Durham prison; gave evidence at a murder trial at Durham Assizes York Herald, 1887-01-26
1889-05-03 played in the monthly handicap of the Durham Golf Club, at Pinkenknowle, near Durham; a set of clubs was won "by Dr. Treadwell, who touched the lowest amateur record at 108 gross", with a 13 handicap, so 95 nett Durham County Advertiser, 1889-05-10
1889-06-10 at the spring meeting of the Durham Golf Club:

First honours fell to Dr Treadwell, a young player who has just played some six or eight months. He returned a gross score of 102. His three rounds of 18 homes consisted of a 34, 34, and 33. This is the best amateur record for the green, and Dr Treadwell is to be congratulated on his success. The same player, being the best score on handicap, took the cup as well as the medal.

Newcastle Journal, 1889-06-11
1890-06-28 at the lawn tennis tournament of the Northumberland Cricket Club, at Newcastle, was beaten in the third round of the Gentlemen's Singles, for those who never won a prize in an open competition Shields Daily Gazette, 1890-06-30
1890-09-02 elected president of the Durham Chess Club for the ensuing season Durham County Advertiser, 1890-09-12
1891 surgeon H.M. Prison Service, employed, living at 5 Church St, Elvetham, Durham, with his family, a cook, and a nurse housemaid RG 12/4099 f43 p1
of H.M. Prison, Durham The Medical Register, 1891
1893-03-26 son b. at 5 Church Street, Durham Durham County Advertiser, 1893-03-31
1894-05-18 prison surgeon; gave evidence in an inquest into the death of a prisoner at Durham Gaol Durham County Advertiser, 1894-05-25
1896-12-14 gave evidence in the murder trial of Henry Brown, at the Old Bailey:

OLIVER NAYLOR TREADWELL, M.D . I am Medical Officer of Borstall Prison, two miles from Rochester, Kent—I had the prisoner under my care from April, 1895, to the end of October, 1896—I saw him whenever he complained of being sick, which was about fifteen to eighteen times every month, at the general inspection, and every week on parade—he was a very well—conducted man—I never saw any signs of melancholia—I should not call him cheerful—he complained of pains and slight ailments, but never of anything that had no foundation—I never detected any sign of delusion—I never had any ground for supposing he was not perfectly sane.

Cross-examined. He complained during the earlier portion of his imprisonment of pains in his right ear—I saw nothing in his conduct during his imprisonment to lead me to suppose he would commit a crime of violence.

Old Bailey Online

Dr. George Herbert Lilley, who has been for the past 16 years Medical-officer of Her Majesty's Convict Prison at Portland, is retiring, and will be succeeded by Dr. O.F.N. Treadwell, Medical-officer of Her Majesty's Convict Prison, Borstal, Kent.

Exeter and Plymouth Gazette
1899 of Medical Officer's House, Borstal Convict Prison, Kent The Medical Register, 1899
1901 medical officer Prison Service, living in Medical Officer's Quarters, Prison, Portland, Dorset, with his two surviving children, his mother, a cook, a housemaid, and a lady's maid RG 13/1997 f74 p33
1902/1903 of Grove, Portland (Uphill), Dorset; qualified by his dwelling house there electoral registers
1904-01-20 prison-medical-officer; co-executor of the will of Georgina Lizzie Wollaston, in London National Probate Calendar
1905 med. off. H.M. Conv. Prison, Parkhurst, Isle of Wight; Memb. Brit. Med. Assoc.; late Med. Off. H.M. Conv. Prison, Borstal, H.M. Prison, Durh., and H.M. Conv. Prison, Portland, and Asst. Surg. Wandsworth, Chatham, Clerkenwell and Millbank Prisons The Medical Directory, 1905
1906-08-11 gave evidence to an inquest on the death of a prisoner at Parkhurst; medical officer at the Prison Isle of Wight County Press and South of England Reporter, 1906-08-11
1908-11-15 at the Northwood parish church service in aid of the Royal I.W. County Hospital and the Frank James Memorial Cottage Hospital at East Cowes:

At the close of the service two sacred solos, "Nazareth" and "The holy city," were splendidly sung by Dr. O.F.N. Treadwell" . . .

Isle of Wight County Press and South of England Reporter, 1908-11-21
1909-09-04 of Brookfield, Parkhurst, Isle of Wight; Medical Superintendent State Criminal Asylum, Parkhurst, and Medical Officer his Majesty's Prison, Parkhurst Morning Post, 1909-09-04
1910 Med. Supt. Parkhurst State Criminal Asyl., of H.M. Conv. Prison, Parkhurst, Isle of Wight The Medical Directory, 1910
1910-12-06 gave evidence to the Royal Commission on Divorce and Matrimonial Causes, at Winchester House, St James's-square:

Dr. Oliver Treadwell, medical officer at his Majesty's Convict Prison, Parkhurst, and medical superintendent of the criminal lunatic asylum there, expressed the opinion that a criminal offence, resulting in a term of imprisonment, long or short, should not by itself form a ground for divorce for the following reasons: In a large number of instances the convict was attached to his wife and children by ties of affection, and he knew from reading many letters passing between them that the ties of affection were kept up during the incarceration of the convict, and that both looked forward to the reunion after his release. He thought that the marriage tie was powerful as a deterrent of infidelity, and the perils to the wife would seem to him to be increased by the possibility of divorce. Where there were children the difficulties of the situation would be still further increased; the father, after release, might find his wife married to another, his children, out of his custody, neglected or ill-treated, and a situation produced tending to crimes of violence.

As regarded the convict himself, he was of opinion that the severance of the marriage tie would in very many instances removed a powerful incentive towards good behaviour in prison, to possible endeavour towards a better life when free, and might produce in some prisoners considerable depression and despondency possibly leading to suicidal impulse. It would in some, no doubt, engender bitter feelings of revenge to be brooded over and festered during imprisonment and acted upon after release. It appeared to him that the question of repeated acts of crime, leading to repeated terms of imprisonment, might well come within the scope of consideration as a ground for divorce under the heading of desertion, but that otherwise contributory evidence should be necessary to give it effect.

[article continues with Treadwell's replies to questions]

Daily Telegraph & Courier (London), 1910-12-07
1911 medical officer prison service, prison service, own account, living in 14 rooms at Brookfield, Parkhurst, Isle of Wight, Hampshire RG14PN5681 RG78PN258 RD93 SD1 ED3 SN5
of Brookfield, Parkhurst, Isle of Wight The Medical Register, 1911
medical officer, Parkhurst prison, Parkhurst, Newport, Isle of Wight Kelly's Directory
1913 of Brookfield, Parkhurst The Medical Register, 1913
1918/1920 living with his wife at 90 St George's Square, Westminster, London electoral registers
1920-02-11 visited Thomas Kelly, an Irish internee, at Wormwood Scrubs Prison, and reported on his condition; Alderman Thomas Kelly was Lord Mayor of Dublin Easter Rising & Ireland Under Martial Law 1916–1921; Easter Rising & Ireland Under Martial Law 1916–1921
1920-02-20 visited Thomas Kelly again, and reported on his condition
1920-08-24 received a phone report at the Prison Commission, Home Office, Whitehall, London SW1, regarding the medical condition of Terence McSwiney, Lord Mayor of Cork, who had been sentenced to 2 years' imprisonment by Court Martial on 15 August 1920, and refused food until his death in prison on 25 October 1920 Easter Rising & Ireland Under Martial Law 1916–1921
1920-08-30 received another phone report at the Prison Commission regarding the medical condition of Terence McSwiney Easter Rising & Ireland Under Martial Law 1916–1921
submitted his own report on McSwiney, anticipating a "fatal issue" Easter Rising & Ireland Under Martial Law 1916–1921


THE King, on the recommendation of the Home Secretary, has appointed Dr Sidney Reginald Dyer, Medical Inspector of Prisons, to be a Prison Commissioner, in place of Mr. Oliver Fereira Naylor Treadwell, who will shortly retire.

The Scotsman
1925 of 19 Springfield Rd, St Leonards-on-Sea, Sussex; late H.M. Commiss. & Director of Prisons, Eng. & Wales; Asst. Med. Insp. Prisons; Med. Off. H.M. Prison, Parkhurst The Medical Directory, 1925
with his wife, living at 19 Springfield Rd, St Leonards-on-Sea electoral register
1928-08-18 played in the monthly medal competition of the Bexhill Golf Club Bexhill-on-Sea Observer, 1928-08-25
1929-10-18 won the Bexhill Club's golf competition, playing for the Penland Cup and memento Bexhill-on-Sea Observer, 1929-10-26
1933-11-06 of 5 Burden Avenue, Park Estate, Hastings, Sussex, which is believed to have been built for him; submitted a planning application for the construction of a garage there private communication from the present owner of the property, 2018-10-13
1934-05-05 of 1 Park-view, St Helen's-road; recently connected to the local exchange, tel. Hastings 2291 Hastings and St Leonards Observer
1936-07-07 submitted a planning application for a two-room extension to his property at 1 Parkview Rd, Hastings (the same location, but renamed); the extension was of brick, finished in cream cement, with a roof of green pantiles private communication from the present owner of the property, 2018-10-13
1939-09-29 retired, living with his wife at 25 Manor Rd, Bexhill, Sussex 1939 England and Wales Register (TNA: RG 101)
1940-11-07 of Little Dean, Park-road West, Woking, Surrey; d. Surrey North Western RD GRO index; National Probate Calendar
1940-03-15 will proved at Llandudno by Ellen Elizabeth Treadwell and Inez Nellie Walford, widows; effect £2727 5s. 2d. National Probate Calendar

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