First photo First photo in 3D First colour photo First colour photo in 3D

First colour photo in 3D

1. The technology

2. The human subject

First 3D colour photo

Frederic Eugene Ives (1856–1937) was making colour stereoscopic photographs (Kromograms) by 1895 [Roberts]. Separation transparencies for an 1895 stereo Kromogram may be found at the Museum of the History of Science. Two 1897 stereo Kromograms are reproduced in colour (resynthesised in 1999) at Forgotten Futures, and The Ives Kromskop also has some fine early stereo colour reproductions. The largest collection of Kromograms is at George Eastman House, but none are dated. [Wooters]

In 1909 Eugène Estanave (1867 – c. 1937) proposed an 'autostereochrome' plate, and a autostereoscopic colour photograph by him, from c. 1910, is reproduced in Timby.

In 1953 Edwin Land (1909–1991) demonstrated three-colour Vectograph (polarised 3D) images formed by successive transfer of cyan, magenta, and yellow dichroic dyes from gelatin relief images to Vectograph sheet. [Digital Tiger]

The first three-colour holograms, viewable in white light, were created in 1966, by Lawrence Lin, Keith Pennington, George W. Stroke and A. Labeyrie. [Johnston, p202]



Full references for printed works

Sean F. Johnston (2006) Holographic Visions. A History of New Science. Oxford: OUP

Pamela Roberts (2007) A Century of Colour Photography. London: André Deutsch

Kim Timby (2015) 3D and Animated Lenticular Photography. Berlin and Boston: De Gruyter

D. Wooters (1994), 'Ives Kromograms'—George Eastman House listing of their Kromogram collection


© 2009–2024 Benjamin S. Beck

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This page was last revised on 2024-02-11.