|1802-03-12||b. St John, Newcastle upon Tyne||TNA: PRO RG 6/404, /627|
|1802-05-28||of Newcastle; d.||PRO RG 6/228, /677|
|1802-05-31||bur. Newcastle fbg|
|1803-10-14||b. St Nicholas, Newcastle upon Tyne||TNA: PRO RG 6/404, /628|
|1815/1817||of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, at Ackworth School||Ackworth School Centenary Committee (1879) List of the Boys and Girls admitted into Ackworth School 1779-1879). Ackworth|
|c. 1826||commonplace book of this date at West Yorkshire Archive Service||WYAS C618; PRO RG 6/202, /527|
|1826-11-10||of Newcastle-upon-Tyne; m. Thomas Pumphrey (1802–1862, glover of Worcester, later superintendent of Ackworth School, s. of Stanley and Ann Pumphrey), at Newcastle||Annual Monitor|
|Children:||Anna Rachel (1828–1893), George Richardson (1830–1862), Thomas (1832–1911), Mary Caroline (1837–1925)||Annual Monitor; censuses; GRO index|
|1841||mistress, of The Friends' School, Ackworth, Yorkshire||PRO HO 1071309/1 f59 p1|
|1842-01-20||of Ackworth; d. Ackworth School||Annual Monitor; GRO index|
|bur. Ackworth fbg||The parochial history of Ackworth, Yorks.|
Rachel Pumphrey, Ackworth
20 1 mo. 1842
Thus was she enabled to. trust in child-like
simplicity on Him, who, she believed, had directed her steps ; and
having had her path made plain before her, in her removal to Ackworth,
she never doubted but that she was in the post of allotted duty. And in
this post, she not only had great satisfaction, but, as she frequently
expressed to her friends, she derived from it no small amount of
|1843 Annual Monitor|
|1806-09-18||b. St Nicholas, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland||TNA: PRO RG 6/404, /628|
In early life Henry Richardson passed through a period of spiritual doubt, and his attachment to the Society of Friends was somewhat disturbed. Divine grace and the wise counsels of his father were helpful in this time of difficulty, and he was completely re-established on the true foundation.
|1893 Annual Monitor|
|1831-10-06||with his brother Isaac, announced that he had taken over his father's business as grocer, tea dealer, &c., of 4 Union Street, Newcastle||Newcastle Courant, 1831-10-08|
|1833-07-05||grocer, of Newcastle; m. Anna Atkins (1806-1892, d. of Samuel and Esther Atkins), at Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire||PRO RG 6/5, /9; Oxford Dictionary of National Biography|
|his attachment had existed without her knowledge since they had been scholars at Ackworth together||1893 Annual Monitor|
. . . they became closely attached and earnest members of the Society; and, though in later life prevented by physical disabilities from the attendance of meetings for Discipline and larger gatherings, they accepted the offices of Overseer and Elder, and maintained a bright and helpful intercourse with their fellow-members, manifesting a warm interest in those who joined the Society from the working-classes
H. & I. RICHARDSON,
GROCERS AND TEA DEALERS,
NO. 4, UNION-STREET,
BEG to present their grateful Acknowledgements to their Friends and the Public for the kind Support they have received since commencing Business, and have now to announce that they have this Day amicably DISSOLVED PARTNERSHIP.
The Business will in Future be carried on by HENRY RICHARDSON, who hopes, by a careful Selection of Goods, and Punctuality in executing Orders, to merit a continuance of Public Patronage. The Family Branch of the Business having considerably increased of late, H.R. has made Arrangements to enable him to devote a more close Attention to that Department. The following Articles are confidently recommended to Notice:—
Newcastle-on-Tyne, 2nd Month 28th, 1838.
|Newcastle Journal, 1838-03-03|
|by 1838-07-13||had subscribed 10s. 6d. to the Royal Victoria Asylum for the Blind||Newcastle Courant, 1838-07-13|
|1840||undertook visitations to other Quaker meetings around the country, and was an ardent anti-slavery supporter attending the World Convention in 1840||Sean Creighton (2011), 'Anna and Henry Richardson. Newcastle Quaker anti-slavery, peace and animal rights journalism'; extended text of talk given to the Quaker History Group, Friends House, 2011-03-22|
|1841||grocer, of Summerhill Grove, Westgate, Newcastle upon Tyne, living with his wife and a female servant||PRO HO 107/824/10 f21 p34|
H. and A. Richardson were always warm adherents of the Anti-Slavery Society. The arrival of Frederick Douglas in England in 1845, and his eloquent appeals on behalf of his suffering people and the negro race, led to an increased effort for their liberation. This brought them into communication with the foremost heroes in the strife that agitated England on that question, and entailed an amount of correspondence of which the present generation are little aware. In conjunction with their sister, Ellen Richardson, they were instrumental in effecting the legal freedom of Frederick Douglas by purchase from his master, Hugh Auld . . .
|1893 Annual Monitor|
TO FARMERS AND BREEDERS OF STOCK.
A QUANTITY of BROKEN SAGO, suitable for Feeding. Price 14s. per Cwt.
HENRY RICHARDSON, GROCER and TEA DEALER, NO. 4, UNION-STREET, nearly opposite the Corn Market, Newcastle.
|Newcastle Journal, 1842-05-28|
|1843/1851||involved in editing the Newcastle peace movement's The Peace Advocate||John William Steel (1899) A Historical Sketch of the Society of Friends 'in Scorn called Quakers' in Newcastle & Gateshead 1653-1898. London & Newcastle, Headley Bros, p191; Creighton (2011)|
|1844||with Anna, started the Olive Leaf journal for children||Steel (1899): 191; Creighton (2011)|
wrote to the Quaker newspaper The British Friend pointing out the inconsistency of rejecting slave-grown sugar while accepting slave-grown cotton. The argument of those willing to do so was the insufficiency of free-grown cotton to replace it. Free grown cotton was available in Liverpool but its inferior quality would necessitate its ‘working up’ with better quality produce. Newcastle had “three extensive manufacturing firms” ready to work up the cotton “as soon as it shall arrive in sufficient Quantities to enable them to keep it distinct without loss.” A free-labour warehouse was needed in London and he asked, “can our London Friends turn their attention to the supply of this desiderata?”
|1846-08||fugitive slave and black liberationist Frederick Douglass stayed with the Richardsons while on his tour of Britain|
|1846-11-16||present at the soirée in honour of Elihu Burritt, in the large room of Wilke's Hotel||Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 1846-11-21|
|opened his own shop in Flesh / Cloth Market, Newcastle||Creighton (2011)|
|1849-03-30||of Head of Cloth Market; one of those receiving subscriptions for the Newcastle Ragged School Society||Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 1849-03-31|
|1849-08-07||grocer, of 4 Union Street||Newcastle Courant, 1849-08-17|
. . . A.H.R. writes:—"The summer of 1849 was a memorable one, for we joined a large party from England in attending the Peace Congress at Paris.
"Previous to this our minds had been much drawn to the importance of the Holy Scriptures being more largely circulated amongst the people. After returning home the subject rested much with us, and we consulted the French Consul, as to the possibility of gaining access to France with that object in view. He said he felt sure it could be done, but 'Go yourselves,' he added, 'and make the distribution a personal one'" Continuing the narrative, she says :—"It seemed best to follow his advice. The needful money was readily given by kind friends, and 2,000 copies of the New Testament were specially bound, with a suitable inscription in each for presentation."
The following spring H. and A. Richardson set out, accompanied by their cousin, Ann Richardson (now Foster) and Eliza Nichol, and they had the great satisfaction of distributing the books themselves. The Testaments were gratefully received by all parties, many of them in high stations.
|Steel (1899): 192; 1893 Annual Monitor|
|1851-01||with Anna, started The Slave 'as the next step in helping to disseminate information. Its publication gave encouragement to the free labour movement abolitionists in the United States who were feeling despondent about the failure of one of their initiatives and about the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.'||Creighton (2011)|
|1851||grocer and tea dealer, living with his wife and a house servant at 5 Summerhill Grove, Westgate, Newcastle-upon-Tyne||HO 107/2404 f469 p57|
Henry Richardson was much concerned for the welfare of the ragged children frequenting the streets, and promoted the establishment of a Boys' Ragged School. This has since been developed into an Industrial School for both boys and girls. H. and A. Richardson were also pioneers in the establishment of cheap Temperance Refreshment Rooms.
|1893 Annual Monitor|
Henry Richardson may be said to have inherited a personal interest in the work of Bible distribution. The Newcastle Bible Society was organised very shortly after the parent institution, and his father, George Richardson, to whose business he succeeded, was for many years its mainstay, having the depôt on his shop premises, and voluntarily undertaking all the labours of depositary. Brought up thus in the midst of this active interest, the son imbibed the father's zeal, and as the strength of the latter failed, he took the responsible charge. Soon after his retirement from business, in 1858, the depôt was removed to a more conspicuous habitation, and there H. Richardson continued to attend regularly, making the work of the Society the business of his life.
It is said that 'He ordered the books, he unpacked them, and placed them in the depot. He attended their sale, and distributed them among the branch associations. He kept the accounts of the Society, and carried on its business correspondence. He arranged the Annual meetings of many of the district associations, and whilst health and strength lasted, was never backward in attending them; in truth, during the whole fifty-two years of the existence of the Society, he has been the mainspring of its energy, the chief agent, under God, of its success.'
|1852||became one of the collectors for the subscription to purchase the freedom of the Weims|
|by 1853-02-11||paid annual subscription of 10s. 6d. to the Newcastle, Northumberland, and Durham Society for the Repression of Juvenile Crime, and the Reformation of Youthful Delinquents||Newcastle Courant, 1853-02-11|
|1854||by the end of this year Henry had had a stroke, and was using a wheelchair, although he subsequently recovered||Creighton (2011)|
|c. 1855||made a £5 donation for the Free Labour movement via the Glasgow New Association for the Abolition of Slavery|
GROCER, TEA DEALER, &c.
48, CLOTH MARKET, NEWCASTLE-ON-TYNE,
PRESENTS his grateful acknowledgements to his Friends and the Public, for the kind support extended to him during the past Twenty-four years, and begs to announce that he has taken into Partnership his Nephew, THOMAS PUMPHREY, who has had the advantage of several years' experience in one of the largest and best conducted Retail Establishments in the North of England.
HENRY RICHARDSON & CO.
RESPECTFULLY solicit a continuance of public Patronage for a Concern which has existed for about a Century, and which they intend to conduct on the same Principles that have hitherto secured for it the Favour of its numerous Connexions.
H.R. & Co. have every Confidence in calling Attention to their present Stock of TEAS, COFFEES, and general GROCERIES, selected with the greatest care from the best Markets, and they hope by a punctual attention to Orders, and by supplying their customers with strictly genuine Articles, at the lowest Prices consistent with Purity and Excellence, to Merit the extended Patronage of a discriminating Public.
Newcastle, 1st of 6th Month, 1855.
|Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 1855-06-02|
|by 1856-01-12||subscribed 10s. 6d. to the Lit. & Phil., towards discharging the Society's debt of £6200||Newcastle Journal, 1856-01-12|
|by 1856-01-18||had subscribed £1 to the General Soup Kitchen||Newcastle Courant, 1856-01-18|
|by 1857-01-10||had subscribed £2 to the General Soup Kitchen||Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 1857-01-10|
HENRY RICHARDSON AND CO.,
GROCERS AND TEA DEALERS,
48, CLOTH MARKET, NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE,
Respectfully inform their Friends and the Public that the PARTNERSHIP between H. RICHARDSON and T. PUMPHREY has been amicably DISSOLVED.
H. RICHARDSON tenders his grateful acknowledgments for the kind Support he has had during the past Twenty-seven Years, and earnestly solicits a continuance of the same on behalf of his Nephew, THOMAS PUMPHREY, by whom the Business will, in future, be conducted.
|Newcastle Journal, 1859-03-05|
|1859-12||wrote a review of past missionary work in India and China||Creighton (2011)|
|1860-02-18||of 58 Cloth Market; exhibiting machines for sweeping chimneys, as part of the competition for the best machine for the purpose, sponsored by the town's society for the suppression of boys climbing chimneys||Newcastle Journal, 1860-02018|
|1861||retired grocer, living with his wife and a house servant at 54 Westmorland Terrace, Westgate, Northumberland||RG 9/3812 f19 p15|
|1861-04-17||one of the committee to raise a subscription for the famine in India||Newcastle Journal, 1861-04-17|
|by 1861-05-04||had subscribed £1 for the famine||Newcastle Journal, 1861-05-04|
|1863-01-07||gentleman, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne; co-executor of his father's will||National Probate Calendar|
|1864-08-30||of Westmoreland Terrace||Mosscroft visitors' book|
wrote to the British & Foreign Anti-Slavery Society commenting that the Newcastle Anti-Slavery and Emancipation Societies seemed to be extinct and the bulk of the anti-slavery work had fallen on Anna’s shoulder for a long time, and reporting that that they had dispatched 20 barrels, bales etc. to New York and hoped to forward another consignment shortly, for the aid of slaves newly freed by the end of the American Civil War.
|by 1865-11-25||had subscribed £1 1s. to the Cowkeepers' Relief Fund||Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 1865-11-25|
|by 1867-01-15||had subscribed £1 to the General Soup Kitchen||Newcastle Journal, 1867-01-15|
|1871||retired grocer, living with his wife and a general servant at 10 Somerset Ter., Elswick, Northumberland||RG 10/5076 f67 p15|
|by 1878-12-20||had subscribed £1 to the General Soup Kitchen||Newcastle Courant, 1878-12-20|
|1881||retired grocer, living with his wife and one servant at 116 Park Road, Elswick, Northumberland||RG 11/5051 f106 p21|
|1885-04-24||elder, of Newcastle-on-Tyne; d. 116 Park Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne||National Probate Calendar; Annual Monitor; Oxford DNB; GRO index|
|1885-04-28||bur. Elswick general cemetery, Newcastle-upon-Tyne||Oxford DNB|
|1885-05-27||late of Park-road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, gentleman; will proved at Newcastle by his nephew Thomas Pumphrey; personal estate £7358 9s. 5d.||National Probate Calendar|
|1808-10-21||b. St Nicholas, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland||TNA PRO RG 6/404, /628|
|1820/22||of Newcastle-upon-Tyne; at Ackworth School||Ackworth School Centenary Committee (1879) List of the Boys and Girls admitted into Ackworth School 1779-1879). Ackworth|
|1841||of Albion Street, St Andrew, Newcastle upon Tyne, living with her family and a female servant||PRO HO 107/847/4 f44 p5|
|1846||with her sister-in-law, Anna (Atkins) Richardson, raised the money for the manumission of the anti-slavery campaigner Frederick Douglass||1893 Annual Monitor; Soskis|
|1850||female secretary (cash. sec) to the Improved School for Girls, Croft st., Newcastle, commonly called the Girls' Jubilee School||Ward's Northumberland and Durham Directory|
|1851||housekeeper, of 9 Albion Street, Newcastle on Tyne, living with her family, a house servant, and an Isabel Pumphrey of unstated relationship||HO 107/2405 2405 f270 p75|
|1854-04-19/-21||presided over the flowers and vases stall at the Ragged School Bazaar in the Assembly Rooms, Westgate-street||Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 1854-04-22|
|1857-02-07||had subscribed £1 for the distress in Cullercoats||Newcastle Journal, 1857-02-07|
|1858-10-27/-29||lady stall-keeper at the Ragged School bazaar||Newcastle Courant, 1858-10-08|
|1859-11-05||of 21 Albion-street; secretary to the Jubilee School, Croft-street; wrote to the Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury||Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 1859-11-12|
|1860-01-28||letter published clarifying that she was secretary to the Royal Jubilee School for Girls, and not the Clergy Jubilee School for Girls||Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 1860-01-28|
To Miss Ellen Richardson
With the respect, esteem, and most grateful regards of the author and as a token of his sentiments towards her, as the friend & benefactress, through whose active benevolence, he [Frederick Douglass] was ransomed from American Slavery. 1860.
|Fliegelman collection, Stanford University|
|1861||of 21 Albion Street, St Andrew, Newcastle Tyne, living with her family, two servants, and a nurse||RG 9/3818 f88 p24|
|1864-08-30||of Albion Street||Mosscroft visitors' book|
|1864-11-02||of Albion Street; at the monthly meeting of the Newcastle Society of Antiquaries, presented an original document under the seal of Queen Elizabeth, and a book of prayers in Arabic||Newcastle Journal, 1864-11-03|
|1865-12-27||conducted the examination of the 135 scholars attending the Corporation school of St Mary, Friars||Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 1865-12-30|
|1871||living with two general servants at 25 Rye Hill, Elswick, Newcastle on Tyne||RG 10/5075 f77 p5|
|1881||living with a cook and a domestic servant at 130 Rye Hill, Elswick||RG 11/5051 f2 p4|
|1881-09-08||had presided over stalls at the fishermen's bazaar at Cullercoats||Shields Daily Gazette, 1881-09-08|
|1891||living with two general servants at 130 Rye Hill, Elswick||RG 12/4193 f124 p60|
|1896-04-26||of Rye Hill, Newcastle-on-Tyne; d. Newcastle-upon-Tyne||Annual Monitor; National Probate Calendar; GRO index|
DEATH OF MISS RICHARDSON, OF NEWCASTLE.
On Sunday, at her home at Rye-hill, Newcastle, there died a venerable lady long known and highly esteemed in the North—Miss Ellen Richardson. She was the daughter of Mr Geo. Richardson, who was known for years as a patriarchal minister of the Society of Friends, and who was also the mainstay of the Newcastle Bible Society. Miss Ellen Richardson largely aided her father in the philanthropic work he delighted in at Newcastle, and especially at Cullercoats, and for many years gave time, talent, and money to the causes of education, of temperance, and of the anti-slavery movement, long before they were popular. Miss Richardson was born in Newcastle in 1809.
|Northern Echo, 1896-04-28|
|1896-04-29||late of 130 Rye Hill, Newcastle; bur. at Elswick Cemetery||Northern Echo, 1896-05-01|
We are very, very sorry to hear of dear Cousin Ellen’s death. I believe she is the last proper Quakeress in Newcastle, & the last who wore the Quaker’s dress, & she was so splendid.
|Mary Spence Watson: diary|
|1896-05-21||of 130 Rye-hill, Newcastle-upon-Tyne; will proved at Newcastle by Thomas Pumphrey and Edward Watson; effects £7312 5s 6d.||National Probate Calendar|
ELLEN RICHARDSON, 87 26 4mo. 1896.
Rye Hill, Newcastle-on-Tyne.
" Tell me wherein thy great strength lieth " is an enquiry suggested by the contemplation of the life and work of this devoted labourer.
The twenty little volumes of "Heart Communings" and "Prayers" left by Ellen Richardson answer this question, and reveal the secret of her strength ; for like a tree whose roots are struck deep down to the hidden spring, she sought and found that sustaining grace which was sufficient for her daily need.
She was born in 1808, and was the daughter of George and Eleanor Richardson, to whose Christian training, example, and prayers, she ever felt she owed so much.
She never quitted Newcastle for any other permanent residence. She often spoke of her school-days at Ackworth as a time of Spartan discipline ; but probably the training received there helped in the formation of her self-reliant character, and enabled her to endure hardness as a good soldier of Jesus Christ. This very strength of character made it difficult for her to yield her judgment to that of others, and at times brought her into much conflict and deep searching of heart.
In reviewing her early years she wrote in 1883:— "It was a long time before I came to my Saviour experimentally, as I longed to do. Thanks be to Him through eternity, He hath taught me to believe in Him, and in this blessed experimental belief to find rest to my soul. What shall I render to Thee, O Lord, for all Thy benefits ? "
The memoranda, commenced in her seventeenth year, record the passing events of her daily life, its perplexities, and its trials, tracing the steps by which her heart was gradually brought under the power of heavenly love. In perusing these records, the following lines occur as appropriate to her :—
The extensive acquaintance with Friends up and down the country which her father formed in the course of his religious journeys led to his house being made the resort of many ministers, when travelling in the service of the Gospel. The home house was also the centre of numerous philanthropic agencies, which helped to extend E. Richardson's sympathies and interests in different directions from those in which she herself was specially engaged.
Domestic bereavements followed one another in quick succession during her earlier womanhood. In 1840 her brother Isaac's state of health necessitated a visit to the Isle of Wight. She was his devoted companion during the long journey and anxious illness, which terminated in his death at Ventnor, far away from all their immediate friends. Two years later, after a lingering illness, her only sister, Rachel Pumphrey, passed away at Ackworth School, which had been her home since the winter of 1834. This heavy loss introduced E. Richardson into near sympathy with her brother-in-law, Thomas Pumphrey, in his responsible position as Superintendent of the school : and it drew out her heart's deep feelings towards his four motherless children, to whom she long extended much tender care. In 1846 she was bereft of her beloved mother, and thenceforward, for sixteen years, it was her joy to care for and comfort her father, whose bright and useful life was prolonged into his eighty-ninth year.
The agitation which so deeply stirred the sympathies of England on behalf of the West Indian slaves found in Ellen Richardson, in common with so many Friends, a warm supporter. Most of the fugitives who sought "refuge in this country from slavery in the Southern States were practically helped by the Friends of Newcastle-on-Tyne ; and at her own initiation, warmly aided by her brother and sister, Henry and Anna Richardson, the money was collected wherewith the freedom was purchased of William Wells Brown, and also of Frederick Douglass, who became so powerful and eloquent an instrument in pleading for his people. The warm appreciation of this noble man—this true "gentleman of colour "—is plainly evidenced by the numerous letters which he continued to write to E. Richardson, almost to the day of his death, shortly before her own, in which he makes constant allusion to the important part she had taken in lifting him up from the condition of the poor slave-boy to that of "United States Marshal for the District of Columbia."
But the life-work of Ellen Richardson, to which she set her hand only four years after leaving Ackworth School, was the education of the daughters of the working-classes of her native town. The Royal Jubilee School for Girls "followed the establishment of a similar school for boys, to mark in a more permanent way than by a brief illumination of the town by candles and oil-lamps, the fiftieth anniversary of George the Third's accession to the throne. This school had been commenced by a few practical philanthropists in association with her father, and she was not slow to throw her own energies into its management. This she continued with untiring zeal and patience, until its doors were closed in 1884. She was not content with guiding the general arrangements, but she personally assisted in the classes, giving lessons herself, especially in Scripture and in reading—two subjects in which the children particularly excelled. She felt that upon Bible teaching, and a high standard of moral and Christian life, much of the success of all educational work must depend.
To the teachers she was an invaluable helper ; and the "Jubilee School" gradually became the training ground for young teachers, whose studies she personally superintended. She impressed upon them the true meaning of education, and would not tolerate any mere mechanical teaching. Her book, entitled "Principles of Training," was written under a strong sense of duty, and she was truly a leader in the elementary education of girls. In this way her influence extended to other places ; not only the surrounding colliery villages, but far and wide, wherever her trainees were placed in charge. It was one of the joys of her declining years to receive calls from some of these young women, with whom she maintained correspondence, and a warm personal influence and friendship. One of her former pupils wrote, on hearing of her death "I remember very vividly the great delight she took in explaining the Scriptures to us, and exhorting us to let the Bible be our guide through life."
One of the teachers says—"I shall never forget her and the many lessons she has taught. Truly the world is better for her life. There are many, very many, of her scholars who will remember her as long as they live." Another writes of her as "The helpful guide of my youth, the loving, sympathetic friend of later years."
In 1860 "the Schools and Charities Committee " of the City Council requested her to organize and superintend their "St. Mary's School" ; and for many years the two institutions were carried on by herself and her lady-colleagues under similar management.
From her early days the little fishing village of Cullercoats was the frequent resort of her father and his family, and they were often joined by her dearly-loved cousin Ann Richardson, afterwards Ann R. Foster. Here they became warmly interested in the welfare of the fishermen and their families, making personal friendships with some, and winning the confidence of all. They soon found how great was the need for an infant school, so that the little ones might be cared for while their mothers were away in the neighbouring towns selling fish. A school-house was accordingly built, and the lowest age of admission was fixed at eighteen months. Toys and mattresses were provided, and this Crêche-school became almost a unique institution. It was not long before it developed, by natural growth, into a general elementary school for boys and girls. As the numbers increased the building was enlarged, and many of the inhabitants of to-day have grown up to thank "Miss Ellen" and "Miss Ann" and their coadjutors for their assiduous and watchful care.
Ellen Richardson's interest in these fisher folk was maintained to the end of her life, and in her old age she welcomed them to her house in Rye Hill, enjoying their hymn-singing, and cheering them with her practical advice and sympathy. In her recent visits to Cullercoats she would call at their cottages in her Bath-chair entering into their pursuits, and endeavouring to alleviate their trials.
Ellen Richardson followed with watchful interest the passage of Wm. E. Forster's Education Bill, corresponding with him as to its provisions. For several years the Schools under her care were worked under Government inspection, until the rigid requirements of "the code" proved to be incompatible with her long cherished views, and the time came for her to relinquish her charge. So the doors of these Schools were reluctantly closed, where for so long a period her commanding presence in her Friends' bonnet had been so familiar a figure. She seemed to have been born to rule ; her word was law, but it was the law of love. She inculcated the principle of "no rewards "—except the reward which right actions bring, and virtually "no punishment." Excellent discipline was maintained ; her marked individuality dominated the school, for she had the power of infusing her own spirit into those about her. By endeavouring to place her girls on the true foundation, she sought to equip them, intellectually and morally, for their future positions as domestic servants, teachers, wives and mothers of families, or in whatsoever sphere of life their lot might be cast.
Though deeply attached to the Society of Friends, during much of her life Ellen Richardson felt that her line of service lay mainly outside its borders. She held for a short time the responsible position of Elder, but her increasing deafness made it difficult for her to discharge its duties effectually, and she withdrew from the office. She was diligent in her attendance at meetings for worship and discipline so long as her strength permitted ; and when confined mostly to her house, her heart often went up in prayer during meeting time, on behalf of her friends, and she manifested an earnest interest in the spiritual life of the congregation. Her prayer for the widely extending family circle stands recorded in one of her note-books— "Gather us as a family to Thyself, Oh Heavenly Father, that not one may be wanting in that great day of account."
By the sudden death of her brother George in 1865, E. Richardson had been left alone in the old family house in Albion Street. She felt this bereavement intensely, as her note-book thus records—"I am left behind, a lonely pilgrim, to finish my earthly journey without one by my side to cheer and comfort me" ; but adding a little later—"I have been sweetly sustained. Yes, God can bear up His children, even in the midst of the billows.["]
She soon afterwards removed to a house where she was nearer to her beloved cousins Robert and Ann Foster, and other members of the family circle, where she greatly enjoyed visits from the remaining friends of her early days, correspondence with whom was one of the especially valued alleviations of her solitary life. Here she continued, sadly noting the removal by death, one after another, of her old companions, until, with-the exception of Robert Foster, she was left the sole survivor of her generation. Nevertheless, her lonely hours were greatly enlivened by her intercourse with her numerous relatives of the succeeding generation, in whose pursuits she took a deep interest. Her reading too was comprehensive. She was careful what she read, but both in general literature and in the writings of earnest men of other denominations, she endeavoured to keep her mind abreast of modern thought, no matter how wide the circle,. if only the centre was Christ.
In her old age, E. Richardson's energies were again and again called into exercise as occasions arose. In her anxiety that the Bible should not be excluded from the Board Schools, or its teaching unduly restricted, she addressed a paper to the Northern Conference of Friends' First-day School Teachers, which resulted in a resolution which was sent to all the School Boards within the range of Durham Quarterly Meeting, urging the Boards watchfully to guard this point in all their Schools.
Under a pressing sense of the importance of total abstinence as a part of a teacher's practice as well as of class teaching, E. Richardson obtained the services of a qualified Friend to prepare a paper entitled "An address to Teachers on Temperance Instruction," which she took much pains to disseminate, especially in Board Schools. One of her last public efforts was the reprinting and wide circulation of a "National Peace Anthem" for the use of schools, so as to imbue the popular mind with the pacific spirit of Christ's Gospel.
Her memoranda contain frequent allusions to her thoughtful care for her servants, who she felt were specially committed to her trust, and earnest were her prayers for their best welfare. She received her reward in the unremitting, faithful services rendered to herself in her declining years.
For about thirty years she was troubled with a chest affection, which often greatly disturbed her rest ; and latterly she was repeatedly brought very low by other infirmities. Writing to a distant friend in view of her approaching end, she said :— "What can we do but throw ourselves on the mercy of Christ, who can cover us with His own spotless robe, and present us to the Father in heaven ; for truly,
I can adopt this from the very bottom of my heart."
As the end drew near, a marked mellowing of her strong character was observable; but her independence was maintained to the last, and her love of managing was never lost. During her final illness her sufferings were at times intense; but through Divine grace she was enabled to bear them patiently, and to feel her Saviour's presence very near. Early on a Sabbath morning she entered into her rest, to see face to face the Saviour whom she had loved so long, and, we doubt not, to hear the gracious words :— "Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these, ye have done it unto Me."
|1897 Annual Monitor|
|1811-02-06||b. St Nicholas, Newcastle upon Tyne||TNA: PRO RG 6/628|
|1831-10-06||with his brother Henry, announced that he had taken over his father's business as grocer, tea dealer, &c., of 4 Union Street, Newcastle||Newcastle Courant, 1831-10-08|
|1835-08-20||a signatory to a request to the mayor to call a public meeting to "consider the Propriety of Petitioning the House of Commons to reject the Municipal Reform Bill, as now amended by the House of Lords."||Newcastle Journal, 1835-08-22|
|1837 spring||attended Yearly Meeting in London, returning to Newcastle by sea||Memoir|
H. & I. RICHARDSON,
GROCERS AND TEA DEALERS,
NO. 4, UNION-STREET,
BEG to present their grateful Acknowledgements to their Friends and the Public, for the kind Support they have received since commencing Business, and have now to announce that they have this Day amicably dissolved Partnership.
The Business will in Future be carried on by HENRY RICHARDSON, who hopes, by a careful Selection of Goods, and Punctuality in executing Orders, to merit a continuance of Public Patronage. The Family Branch of the Business having considerably increased of late, H.R. has made Arrangements to enable him to devote a more close Attention to that Department.
The following Articles are confidently recommended to Notice.
Raw and Refined Sugars, of prime Qualities, and at moderate Prices.
Newcastle-on-Tyne, 2nd Month 28th, 1838.
|Newcastle Courant, 1838-03-02|
|1838-03-30||agent in Newcastle for Bryant and James, india rubber oil, liquid and paste blacking||Newcastle Courant, 1838-03-30|
|by 1838-07-14||subscribed 10s. 6d. for the Royal Victoria Asylum for the Blind||Newcastle Journal, 1838-07-14|
|1838-12/1839-06||toured in the south of France, Italy, and Malta||Memoir|
|by 1840-01-17||subscribed 10s. to the General Soup Kitchen||Newcastle Courant, 1840-01-17|
The last will and Testament
I Isaac Richardson of Albion Street in the parish of St Andrew's in the Town & County of Newcastle lupon Tyne, Leather Cutter, being of sound and disposing mind memory, and understanding, but mindful of my mortality do this 20th day of the first month in the year of our Lord 1840 make and publish this my last will and testament, in manner and form following; that is to say:—after the payment of my just debts, the expence of proving this my will, and those necessarily attendant upon my funeral and the winding up of my affairs, that all my estate, whatsoever and wheresoever and of what nature, kind, and quality soever the same may be, I give and bequeath to my dear Father George Richardson, subject to the following deductions, viz, I give and bequeath to my dear sister Ellen Twenty five shares which I at present hold in the Newcastle Union Joint Stock Banking Company, and I give and bequeath to my dear brother George two shares that I hold in the north of England Temperance Building society, and for as much as for some time past I have taken great interest in the spread of the Gospel of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ and in the promotion of His Kingdom, and the overthrow of the power of darkness, I do hereby give and bequeath fifty pounds each to the treasurers of the following societies, for the use and benefit of the said societies, premising, that the £50 to the last named Society shall be expended in such a manner as not to be inconsistent with Friends' principles, viz £50 to the British and Foreign Bible Society, £50 to the Newcastle Tee Total Society and £50 to to [sic] Baptist Missionary Society; I also bequeath Twenty Pounds to my dear brother Henry as Executor, the residue I bequeath as aforsaid to my dear father George Richardson, and I do hereby make, ordain, constitute and appoint my father George Richardson and my brother Henry Richardson aforsaid joint executors of this my last will and Testament, hereby revoking all former and other wills and Testaments by me at any time heretofore made, In witness whereof I have to this my last will and Testament, set and subscribed my hand and seal, the day and year first above written
[Witnesses: John Bailes, James Hornsby]
|Durham Original Wills DPRI/1/1840/R12|
|1840-05-03||d. of consumption, at Ventnor, Isle of Wight||Annual Monitor; George Richardson (1850) The Annals of the Cleveland Richardsons. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, privately printed; GRO index; Memoir|
|1840-05-10 morning||bur. Southampton Friends' burying-ground||Annual Monitor; Memoir|
|1840-08-11||will proved at Durham; estate under £1000||Durham Original Wills DPRI/1/1840/R12|
|1842||A brief memoir of him was published, as Memoir of Isaac Richardson, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, who departed this life at Ventnor, on the Isle of Wight, Fifth Month 3rd, 1840.||a scan is online|
|1813-02-16||b. St Nicholas, Newcastle upon Tyne||TNA: PRO RG 6/404, /775|
|1813-04-06||of Newcastle upon Tyne; d. Newcastle MM||PRO RG 6/228, /778|
|1813-04-08||bur. Newcastle fbg|
|1814-04-06||b. St Nicholas, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland||TNA: PRO RG 6/404, /775; PRO HO 107/2405|
|1839||joined the Literary and Philosophical Society of Newcastle upon Tyne||Lit & Phil|
|1841||leather cutter, of Albion Street, St Andrew, Newcastle upon Tyne, living with his family and a female servant||PRO HO 107/847/4 f44 p5|
|1848-07-08||leather seller, of Union Street, exactly opposite the Corn Market; sole agent for Northumberland for the cheap safety fuse, for blasting rocks in mines, tunnels, and quarries, and for submarine explosions||Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 1848-07-08|
|1849-08-16||John Milner advertises that he has taken over the old-established business of George Richardson, Jun., currier and leather seller, opposite Corn Market, Union Street, Newcastle||Newcastle Courant, 1849-08-17|
|1851||insurance agent, of 9 Albion Street, Newcastle on Tyne, living with his family, a house servant, and an Isabel Pumphrey of unstated relationship||HO 107/2405 2405 f270 p75|
VENTILATION applied to Dwelling Houses, Places of Worship, School-rooms, Shops, Workshops, &c., on scientific and approved principles.—Apply to
AGENT FOR THE
ESSEX ECONOMIC INSURANCE COMPANY,
OFFICE,—4, UNION STREET, NEAR THE CORN MARKET.
G.R. having paid considerable attention to Ventilation, hopes to introduce it successfully into Buildings, as above described. In effecting the needful alterations, especially where the nature and purpose of the Building admit, regard will be had to economy of construction and arrangement.
N.B.—The Fixing of Stoves carefully attended to.
Experienced Workmen employed.
Newcastle, 7 mo. 26, 1852
|Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 1852-07-31|
|by 1854-03-11||had subscribed £1 in aid of the Newcastle Ragged School Building Fund||Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 1854-03-11|
CHEAP ISSUE OF DR. KITTO'S PICTORIAL FAMILY BIBLE,
IN TWO LARGE HANDSOME QUARTO VOLUMES.
THIS Standard Work, containing upwards of EIGHT HUNDRED ENGRAVINGS, with copious Notes illustrative of the Literature and Antiquities of Sacred Scripture, is now offered for a short time at TWENTY-ONE SHILLINGS AND SIXPENCE, or HALF BOUND CALF, 28s 6d.—Apply to GEORGE RICHARDSON, Jun., Agent, 4, Union Street, Newcastle.
|Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 1854-11-25|
|1854-12-29||wrote to the Newcastle Guardian on 'The Vicar's School Scheme'||Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 1854-12-30|
|1855-04-14||of 48 Cloth Market, Newcastle; agent to the Essex Economic Fire Office, and the Lancashire Fire and Life Office||Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 1855-04-14|
|1857-01-17||of Albion-street||Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 1857-01-24|
|1858-10-01||of 48 Cloth Market||Newcastle Courant, 1858-10-01|
|by 1861-02-16||had donated 10s. to the Infirmary Convalescent Fund||Newcastle Journal, 1861-02-16|
|1861||insurance agent, of 21 Albion Street, St Andrew, Newcastle Tyne, living with his family, two servants, and a nurse||RG 9/3818 f88 p23|
GEORGE RICHARDSON, JUN.,
FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE AGENCY OFFICE,
48, CLOTH MARKET, NEWCASTLE.
(Agent to Friends' Provident Institution)
HEAD OFFICES: MANCHESTER
|Newcastle Journal, 1862-04-12|
|1863-01-07||insurance agent, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne; co-executor of his father's will||National Probate Calendar|
AGENT, 38, CLOTH MARKET,
AGENT FOR THE
NORTH BRITISH AND MERCANTILE
MANCHESTER FIRE OFFICE.
|Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 1864-06-11|
|1865-02-03||d. 21 Albion Street, Newcastle, of angina pectoris||GRO index; Annual Monitor; Newcastle Courant, 1865-02-10|
SUDDEN DEATH OF MR. GEORGE RICHARDSON.—We regret to have to record to-day the demise of Mr. George Richardson, an old and universally-respected inhabitant of Newcastle. This event, which was as sudden as lamented, took place yesterday, about one o'clock. It appears that the deceased, who always took a warm interest in the welfare of the Soup Kitchen, had attended the public meeting in connection with its opening. On returning, he went direct to his office in the Cloth Market, and, seeing Mr. Thomas Pumphrey, complained to him of a pain in his side. Having been unwell for some time Mr. Pumphrey thought it advisable to inform Mr. Richardson's sister, who lives at Cullercoats, and left Newcastle for that purpose. Very shortly afterwards Mr. Richardson became suddenly ill, was taken to his residence, 21, Albion Street, in a cab, and a few minutes afterwards expired. The deceased was an old tradesman of the town He formerly carried on business as a leather cutter in the Cloth Market, but has lately followed the employment of insurance agent, representing the Manchester and North British Mercantile Insurance Companies. He was a member of the Society of Friends, and took a warm and active interest in the Bible Society and other kindred and philanthropic institutions.
|Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 1865-02-04|
|1865-02-08||bur. at Jesmond Cemetery, after which the cortege proceeded to the meeting-house in Pilgrim Street||Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, 1865-02-11|
GEORGE RICHARDSON, 51 3 3 mo. 1865
In the midst of an active and useful life, this dear friend was struck down by the disease which, in little more than an hour, terminated in death. He had risen that morning as usual, and partaken of his breakfast with relish, after which he read to the servants the 116th and 117th Psalms. he then proceeded to his little garden, and after working there for half-an-hour, and subsequently transacting some business in his office, he went to the soup-kitchen, to assist at its re-opening. Here he was seized with pain in his breast, and shortly afterwards was conveyed home, where, in about a half-an-hour, he ceased to breathe. His brother having left the room for a minute or two, to procure a medical book (the doctor not having arrived) on returning found that the vital spark had fled; the peaceful countenance denoting that the conflict had not been severe.
How loudly do events like these proclaim to us, "Be ye also ready, for in such an hour as ye think not the Son of man cometh." How plainly such dispensations of Divine Providence show the sovereignty of God, and lay man's wisdom and power prostrate in the dust; for the Lord's ways are not as our ways, nor His thoughts as our thoughts. They teach us, indeed, the humbling truth that we know not what a day or an hour may bring forth, and that in him alone we have life and breath, and all things; but they have no tendency to shake the blessed assurance of those who, in the spirit of adoption, can call God "Father," and put their whole trust in Him. Such, it is believed, was, in a large degree, the happy experience of the subject of this notice.
From early life, he greatly enjoyed the privilege of attending all the meetings for worship and discipline within his reach, and it appears that for nearly thirty years an impression had rested upon his mind that he should one day be called so speak publicly as a minister of the Gospel. After much conflict of mind, he eventually yielded to this conviction of duty. An impediment in his speech to some extent increased his difficulty; but it is worthy of remark, that in his ministry this obstacle was almost, if not entirely removed, and his communications were often attended with much weight and power. Salvation by and through Christ appeared to be the end and aim of his preaching, and great was his earnestness and fervent his aspirations that all mankind might be brought to a saving knowledge of their Lord.
He was deeply sensible of his own sinfulness and unworthiness, and of his utter helplessness in himself, but he had also largely tasted that the Lord is gracious and full of compassion to the penitent sinner. Having come himself to the fountain set open for sin and for uncleanness, and having herein experienced his sins to be washed away, he felt called to plead with others, with all the earnestness of which he was capable, that they also might become partakers of the like precious blessing. Within the last year or two of his life especially, and often through very deep discouragement, he seemed to feel that he had a work to do for his Lord, and that his own time was short. Faithfully, therefore, did he seek to yield himself up to the service which, he believed, was required at his hands.
He has left behind him a somewhat voluminous journal, commenced in the twenty-first year of his age, but we are unable, from want of room, to give more than a passing allusion to it. Besides indicating the depth of his convictions with regard to the great truths of the Gospel, and the conflicts and joys which marked his inner life, these memoranda show the different steps, by the taking of which he was prepared for that more public service of his Lord, on which he entered but a comparatively short time before he was called from the church militant to the church triumphant.
It was God's "love in Christ Jesus; His sufferings, His agonising conflict; all for us," that constrained him to say, "Here am I; send me." "Open Thou my lips, and my mouth shall show forth Thy praise." Then came the "very solemn feelings that the prospect of such service" raised in his mind, and the "fervent and strong desires, lest dishonour should be brought on the precious cause of truth" through him, with longings "for more and more purity of life and conversation, which would accord with the solemn calling." Then we seem able to trace increased diligence in such work as his hands found to do, as among his scholars in the First-day school, whilst his soul was often poured out before the Lord on behalf of those with whom he was connected in religious fellowship. As his path became plain, he yielded to what he believed to be his duty, and have very gratefully to acknowledge "that truly the Lord is a good Master, and gives to His servants, who seek to do His will, wages, such as this world can never afford."
The last notice in G. R.'s diary is dated Eleventh month, 14th, 1864, and has reference to an apprehension he had some time entertained, that it was required of him to pay a visit, "in the love of the Gospel," to the Monthly Meetings of Pardshaw, Allendale, and Carlisle. His not being certified as a minister presented peculiar difficulties with regard to this journey, but after close examination of his own heart, though deeply conscious of his unworthiness, he felt unable to rest without offering himself for the work. He therefore conferred with some friends of his own Monthly Meeting, and, with their encouragement, he proceeded to the accomplishment of this little service. He gratefully appreciated the kindness of the friends whom he visited, who failed not to make way for him in attending the meetings held in usual course.
On his return home, he complained of feeling unwell, but this indisposition seemed to have passed away, and his accustomed cheerfulness returned. A few weeks afterwards, however, as has been stated, he was suddenly called away (may we not confidently believe) to hear, through adorable mercy, those words of welcome he had so fervently coveted: "Well done, good and faithful servant; thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things. Enter thou into the joy of the Lord."
|1866 Annual Monitor|
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