First photo First photo in 3D First colour photo First colour photo in 3D

First colour photo in 3D

1. The technology

2. The human subject


First 3D colour photo of a person, and first 3D colour photo

half of a stereoscopic trichrome of Gabriel Veyre

The strongest candidate so far identified is a stereoscopic trichrome self-portrait of Gabriel Veyre (1871–1936), cinematographic operator for the Lumière brothers, taken during his 1898 world tour on behalf of the company. The image is © coll. Jacquier-Veyre, and may be found on the wonderful autochromes.culture.fr website. Only half the stereo pair is shown, however.

George Eastman House holds six stereo portrait Kromograms which potentially could predate this, but all are undated. One of these is of Ida Saxton McKinley (1847–1907), wife of US President William McKinley, taken in the White House Conservatory. Theoretically this could date from as early as March 1897, when President McKinley took office. [Wooters] The three separation positives of one half of each stereo pair of the McKinley Kromogram are reproduced in Sipley.

 


 

First 3D colour photo of a woman

George Eastman House holds two stereo portrait Kromograms of women, but both are undated. One of these is of Ida Saxton McKinley (1847–1907), wife of US President William McKinley, taken in the White House Conservatory. Theoretically this could date from as early as March 1897, when President McKinley took office. The three separation positives of one half of each stereo pair of the McKinley Kromogram are reproduced in Sipley.

The other is of a Miss Santje (probably the actress Suzanne Santje, 1873–1947). [Wooters]

Two undated Kromograms of young women are to be found here. One is attractively reproduced in stereoscopic colour, the other (said to be "about 1895") only as separation positives.

In 1909 Eugène Estanave (1867 – c. 1937) proposed an 'autostereochrome' plate, and a autostereoscopic colour photograph by him, from c. 1910, depicting a woman and two young girls, is reproduced in Timby.

 


 

Earliest-born person to be photographed in 3D colour

George Eastman House holds a stereo portrait Kromogram of the American physician and writer Silas Weir Mitchell (1829–1914). [Wooters]

 


 

Earliest-born woman to be photographed in 3D colour

Probably Ida Saxton McKinley (1847–1907). See above.

 

Full references for printed works

Sean F. Johnston (2006) Holographic Visions. A History of New Science. Oxford: OUP

Pamela Roberts (2007) A Century of Colour Photography. London: André Deutsch

Louis Walton Sipley (1951) A Half Century of Color. New York: Macmillan

Kim Timby (2015) 3D and Animated Lenticular Photography. Berlin and Boston: De Gruyter

D. Wooters (1994), 'Ives Kromograms'—George Eastman House listing of their Kromogram collection

 

© 2009–2017 Benjamin S. Beck

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If you know of any earlier examples, please contact me.

 

 

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This page was last revised on 2016-01-21.