Children of David and Catherine Richardson

Hugh Richardson01. Hugh Richardson, MA (Cantab.)

1864-02-16 b. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, son of David and Catherine (Fry) Richardson censuses; Bootham School Register
1868-06-18 present at birthday party for Mabel Spence Watson, at Mosscroft Mosscroft visitors' book
1871 scholar, of 29 Rye Hill, Elswick, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, living with his family, a nurse, and two domestic servants TNA: PRO RG 10/5075 f77 p6
1875/1880 scholar at Bootham School, York Bootham School Register; Joseph Spence Hodgson (1895) Superintendents, teachers, and principal officers of Ackworth School, from 1779 to 1894
1880 Matric. 6th in Hons—£10 prize Edgar B. Collinson, ed. (1935) Bootham School Register, 2nd edition; Bootham School Register; Manchester Evening News, 1880-07-19
1880 won a Leaving Scholarship Hugh Richardson 1864–1936 [memorial booklet]; Collinson, ed. (1935)
1880/1881 educated at Flounders Institute Hodgson (1895)
1881 student at college, of The Gables, Elswick, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, living with his family, a nurse, a cook, a housemaid, and an under housemaid PRO RG 11/5051 f89 p2
1882-01-12 of Flounders College, Ackworth Bensham Grove visitors' books
  "After a brief experience of industrial life, he became an apprentice teacher at Ackworth" . . . Hugh Richardson 1864–1936
1882/1884 apprentice, Ackworth School Hodgson (1895); Collinson, ed. (1935)
1882-07-31 of Flounders College; had passed first division, intermediate examination in arts York Herald, 1882-07-31
1883-03-03 of Ackworth, admitted to the Yorkshire Naturalists' Union Leeds Mercury, 1883-03-05
1884-01-02 of The Gables, Newcastle Bensham Grove visitors' books
1884-10-10 admitted to King's College, Cambridge ACAD, accessed 2011-05-06
1884/1887 educated at King's College Bootham School Register
1884 Michs Matric. ACAD
1885-01-05 of The Gables, NC Bensham Grove visitors' books
1885 Exhibitioner ACAD
1885-09-26 of N.C. Bensham Grove visitors' books
1886-09-25 of The Gables
1887 BA 1st Class Nat. Sci. Tripos Pt I ACAD; Bootham School Register; Hugh Richardson 1864–1936
1887/1888 master at Bath Lane Science School, Newcastle Collinson, ed. (1935)
1887/1888 assistant master, Ackworth School, Yorkshire ACAD
1888-01-03 of The Gables Bensham Grove visitors' books
1888-04-01 of Newcastle
  (master) at the Corporation Street Schools, Newcastle-on-Tyne ACAD
1888/1897 Modern Side master at Sedbergh; the first of the assistant masters to visit Greece and Rome Hugh Richardson 1864–1936; Collinson, ed. (1935)
1889/1897 (master) at Sedbergh School ACAD
1891 schoolmaster, science and maths, employed, boarder with Elizabeth Meacock at White Rock Grove, Sedbergh, Yorkshire RG 12/3489 f27 p9 4197 f115 p38
1891 MA (Cantab.) ACAD; Bootham School Register

At the beginning of September, Hugh Richardson very kindly came over and gave us a most interesting and original lecture on Postage Stamps, as illustrating the last fifty years of European History. In spite of his remarks on imitation stamps, and his protest against collecting merely for collecting's sake, we think stamp dealers owe Hugh Richardson a deep debt of gratitude for arousing enthusiasm in philately.

Proceedings of the Ackworth Old Scholars' Association. Part XIII. Eighth Month, 1894
1894 of Grammar School, Sedburgh, R.S.O., Yorkshire Proceedings of the Ackworth Old Scholars' Association. Part XIII. Eighth Month, 1894
1896-01-10 of Sedbergh; name bracketed with Mabel Spence Watson Bensham Grove visitors' books
1896-04-09 of Havera Bank, Sedbergh; m. Mabel Spence Watson, at Newcastle Friends' meeting house; the reception was held at Bensham Grove The Friend XXXVI:254, 1896-04-17, The British Friend V May:122; Bootham School Register; GRO index; Robert Spence Watson's book of newspaper cuttings, which has a full report and list of wedding presents; Leeds Mercury, 1896-04-11; Bensham Grove visitors' books
  honeymooned in Devonshire Robert Spence Watson's book of newspaper cuttings
1896-08 of Grammar School, Sedbergh, R.S.O., Yorkshire Proceedings of the Ackworth Old Scholars' Association, Part XV, Eighth Month, 1896
1896-09-02 of Havera Bank, Sedbergh Bensham Grove visitors' books
1896-09-08 of Havera Bank, Sedbergh; stayed at Bensham Grove; "a most delightful visit—the first together"
1896 holidayed in Ireland with family and Aunt Car Mary Spence Watson: diary
1896-12-24/1897-01-06 of Sedbergh; stayed at Bensham Grove Bensham Grove visitors' books
1897-04-11 of Sedbergh
Children: Mary Foster (1897–1956), Colin Spence (1899–1973), Esther Watson (1901–1978) The Friend; The British Friend; Bootham School Register; Hall, Kathleen and Chris Hall, eds (2001) Sidcot School. Register of Old Scholars 1808–1998. Sidcot Old Scholars' Association
1897-07-30/-08-03 stayed at Bensham Grove; "Sedbergh to York" Bensham Grove visitors' books
1897 removed to York The Friend XLVII:697–8
1897-11-29/-12-01 of York; stayed at Bensham Grove Bensham Grove visitors' books
1897/1914 science master, Bootham Bootham School Register; ACAD; Hugh Richardson 1864–1936
1898-08-26/-09-06 of York; stayed at Bensham Grove Bensham Grove visitors' books
1898-12-26 of York
1899-03-13 gave an illustrated talk on British and European butterflies, to the Yorkshire Philosophical Society Yorkshire Gazette, 1899-03-18
1899-03-25 present at the opening of the new wing at Rawdon Friends' school Leeds Mercury, 1899-03-27
1899-09-29 of 12 St Mary’s, York The Friend XXXIX:666; The British Friend VIII Nov:310
1899-12-01 with his wife, had subscribed £100 to the Bootham School Building Fund, in memory of Robert Foster, Newcastle The Friend XXXIX: Supplement
1899-12-23/-30 of York; stayed at Bensham Grove Bensham Grove visitors' books
by 1900-02-21 of 12 St Mary's, York; collecting subscriptions for the famine in the Punjab Sheffield Independent, 1900-02-01
1900-12-21/-29 stayed at Bensham Grove Bensham Grove visitors' books
1901 assistant schoolmaster, worker, of 12 St Mary's, York, Yorkshire, living with two young children, a nurse, a cook, and a visiting Sarah W. Edmundson, his wife's cousin RG 13/446 f13 p18
1901-12-25 of 12 St Mary's, York Bensham Grove visitors' books
1902-01-03 published 'Postage Stamps as Illustrations of European History' in the Leamington Spa Courier Leamington Spa Courier; 1902-01-03
1902-08-05/-09 stayed at Bensham Grove Bensham Grove visitors' books
1902-09 article on 'The Nature Study Exhibition' Bootham 1.2:107-115
Science Master at Bootham; appointed one of the Examiners in Botany for the Matriculation Examination of London University for the ensuing year Bootham 1.2:150-151
1904/1907 examiner in botany for Matriculation at the University of London Hugh Richardson 1864–1936; Collinson, ed. (1935)
1905 co-author of An Introduction to Practical Geography ACAD; book; Hugh Richardson 1864–1936; Collinson, ed. (1935)
  editor of Cambridge Nature Study Series ACAD
1905-02 article on 'Scholarships' Bootham 2.3:190-201
1906/1915 secretary of the Educational Science Section of the British Association Hugh Richardson 1864–1936
1907-12-13 schoolmaster; co-executor of wife's will at York National Probate Calendar
1908-10 article, 'Bootham at the Franco-British Exhibition' Bootham 4.2:142-149
1909 joined the Association of Public School Science Masters and took a lively interest in the Association even after his retirement from teaching Hugh Richardson 1864–1936

The Editor of The School Science Review regarded him as his most prolific correspondent. His wide range of interests may be shown by mention of the articles which he contributed to the journal: "Diffusion, Osmosis, Colloids" (vi, 24), "Science or Sciences" (vii, 107), "Tests in Arts, Crafts and Sciences" (viii, I, 65), "Education of the Adolescent" (viii, 272), "Scientific Foundations" (xii, 337).

1910 of 12 St Mary's, York Ackworth Old Scholars' Association, Annual Report 29
1911 assistant schoolmaster (science), secondary boarding school, worker, living in 8 rooms at 12 St Mary's, York, with his daughter, a housekeeper, a cook, and a housemaid RG14PN28411 RG78PN1626 RD517 SD2 ED28 SN121
  taught practical astronomy, as well as physics, chemistry, botany, and geography Hugh Richardson 1864–1936
1911/1919 editor of the "Cambridge Nature Study Series" Hugh Richardson 1864–1936; Collinson, ed. (1935)
c. 1912-08 moved to an old house in Bootham Crescent Mary Spence Watson's diary
1914-02-18 schoolmaster; co-executor of his father's will National Probate Calendar
1914 his father's death made it necessary for him to retire Hugh Richardson 1864–1936
by 1914-11

THE retirement of Hugh Richardson, who has resigned his post in order to manage a family estate, means a great break to all those who had the advantage of getting their scientific equipment under his guidance. He came to Bootham as a boy in August, 1875, and left in June, 1880, when he took the Leaving Scholarship.

He studied at the "Flounders" and Cambridge, taught at Ackworth and Sedbergh, and came back to Bootham in 1897.

We cannot do better than quote from the School Committee's report the reference to his conscientious work during seventeen years:—

"A number of Old Boys who have studied science at the Universities have given the highest praise to H. Richardson's teaching. . . In the spring term the Committee arranged for an inspection of the science work by Mr. G.F. Daniell, B.Sc., who devoted five days to the work. He speaks of Hugh Richardson's work as 'exceptionally good,' and in his general review says:—'The tone of the classes is good, boys as well as masters are vigorously at work, and the lessons are well-planned and skilfully carried out.' [ . . . ]

The good wishes of all Old Scholars will go with Hugh Richardson in his new work.

Bootham 7.2:150-151
1916-07/1917-03 of The Gables, Elswick Road, Newcastle-on-Tyne; acting editor of Bootham Bootham School Register; Bootham 8.1:x, 8.2:x, 8.3:viii
  He was a science instructor, lecturer, editor and author. As a member of the Society of Friends he was vitally interested in the cause of peace and internationalism. During World War I, he visited prisoner-of-war camps in Scotland on behalf of the Emergency Committee of the Society of Friends and sent the prisoners seeds, linoleum, a sheet of rubber for printing, a stereoscope, a kaleidoscope, writing tablets, and books. He lobbied for the non-payment of taxes until the end of the war, proposed disarmament by general agreement, was against supporting scientific research that promoted military science, tried to work out a mathematical formula for weighting votes in a universal government, thought there was a relation between the weather and political events, and was interested in how ornithology was related to military invasions. Hugh Richardson Papers, accessed 2011-05-06
1916-02-18 an N.E.R. shareholder diary of Mary S.W. Pollard

Scene—a N.E.R. shareholders' meeting in York at the height of the War fever; Chairman moving the adoption of the annual reports—so many men from the railway "joined up" and so much subscribed to War Loan. Great enthusiasm—"carried unanimously." "No, sir," comes H.R.'s voice from the middle of the hall, "one sincere protest against sending a single man or subscribing a single shilling."

A little later I was his guest at Newcastle and he came to the station to see me off. In a bay we discovered a train load of German prisoners bound for the Hexham Camp. "What! prisoners!" he exclaimed, and, striding joyfully across the platform, H.R. was soon in animated and very public conversation with the weary travellers, whose spirits were tremendously uplifted by his fluent German (vile though I suspect it was, I myself had none!). A large patriotic crowd soon gathered round in hostile mood; I was very alarmed, but H.R. went on treating the prisoners in a spirit of unostentatious but perfectly open and natural friendship, and it was a good thing that there were no loose stones lying about. A Scotch officer, about 20 years old, put his head out of a first-class carriage and asked him what the —— he was doing. H.R., with a great flourish, brought out his pocket book saying "Home Office Pass!" and the officer retired in confusion. When he had done all he could to cheer the men up, H.R. turned away and went off to his next business, passing lightly through the crowd as though nothing had happened and that the busy station were empty.

Francis H. Knight, in Hugh Richardson 1864–1936
1916-12-01 Stocksfield described as "Hugh Richardson's country seat!" Frank & Mary Pollard letters
1916/1917 acting editor of Bootham Collinson, ed. (1935)

HUGH RICHARDSON (1875-80) is putting in several days a week teaching at Hexham, as well as attending to his estate and many other activities. He recently made a very witty speech at the Stramongate prize-giving.

Bootham 8.5:299

HUGH RICHARDSON (1875-80), in addition to managing an estate, has (we hear privately) found time, among other things, to appear frequently at courts-martial in the self-constituted, but officially recognised, capacity of "Soldier's Friend," when he takes his stand "in dock" beside offenders as a kind of private counsel for the defence. Those who know how difficult it may be for the average Tommy to do justice to his case will appreciate the worth of such help.

Bootham 9.1:55

As member of British public to see fair play attended several courts-martial: As prisoners' friend to advise him on his defence visited several military prisons: Visitor for Emergency Committee of Society of Friends in Prisoner of War Camps at Stobs and Catterick:

Collinson, ed. (1935)

HUGH RICHARDSON (1875-80) has recently paid a visit to the Downs School and its headmaster, Herbert W. Jones, at whose wedding he was formerly "best man."

Bootham 9.3:181

Taking up the work of rural landlord, he attempted, so far as he could as a private individual, to put into practice in all the affairs of his life those scientific principles which he had, not without some success, attempted to inculcate into his pupils. He also lost no opportunity granted to him of service for internationalism, especially in the scientific world.

Hugh Richardson 1864–1936
c. 1920 published 'International Co-operation' pamphlet, from Stocksfield; "Reprinted by permission from 'National Life and International Relations, ' the Report of Commission II. issued by the Committee of the Peace Conference of All Friends . . ." WorldCat
1923 of Wheelbirks, Stocksfield, Northumberland The Friend; The Times
1924 visited the Versammlung Deutscher Naturforscher und Aerzte in Innsbruck Hugh Richardson 1864–1936
  member, British Association Collinson, ed. (1935)
1925 went from the British Association in Southampton to attend a Weltfriedenskonferenz in Paris Hugh Richardson 1864–1936

Hugh Richardson must have planted about one hundred and twenty thousand young trees of all kinds, suiting variety to position, and, mindful of the beauties of variation, including ornamental trees like wild cherry.

He tried not to exterminate native flora, but used it as a guide to planting—scots pine in heather, larch among bracken, spruce where rushes grew, but drained first.

He kept careful forestry notes, including notes written in 1926 for considereation in 2026.

1929/1930 was one of the most active members of the North Eastern Branch of the Science Masters' Association from its foundation, and in 1929/1930 was Branch President
1930/1936 rural landlord, of Wheelbirks Farm, Stocksfield Bootham School Register
1932-01-14 of Stocksfield; wrote to W.H. Dawson re Guardian letter, war debts and loans W.H. Dawson Papers
1905/1934 correspondence, journals and papers held at Friends Historical Library, Swarthmore A2A
1935 inspector of Girls' Schools for Joint Matriculation Board; Hobbies—natural history, including forestry, gardening, and watching the evolution of internal organizations Collinson, ed. (1935)

During the last twenty years, Mr. Richardson has led the life of an enlightened country landlord in Northumberland, planting trees, studying butterflies and their Natural History relationships, and raising varieties of primulas and gentians. He maintained to the last a keen interest in all developments of science and their relation to human life and will be remembered with affection and esteem by all who came in contact with him in educational and scientific circles

Hugh Richardson 1864–1936

A keen member of the Geographical Association, he was a foundation member of the Newcastle-on-Tyne Branch, and for some years was a member of its committee. He kept up this connection until his death. In retirement, he found time to indulge his wide sympathies with, and deep interest in, topics of international or world-wide importance. He was a close and earnest follower of the fortunes and policies of the League of Nations and of all movements which had for object the betterment of human life and international understanding.

E.F.E. Kirk in Hugh Richardson 1864–1936

Then there was Hugh Richardson, a man of the most brilliant intellect, and—as John Dell has said of him—kindness and consideration personified. He was once invited to a dance with Miss Gray, who presided so successfully for 23 years over the domestic side of Bootham. In those days you had programmes, and before the dance began you approached the ladies of your choice one by one, and asked for the pleasure or the honour of standing up with them for No. 14, or whatever it might be. If the lady were favourable, she allowed you to write your name on her programme for No. 14 while she did the same for you. To arrive unpunctually, therefore, was to spoil your chances of obtaining the partners you wanted. Just as Hugh Richardson and Miss Gray were about to set out, a boy reported and detained her. She begged Richardson to go on without her, adding that she would follow when she could. Having seen to the boy she was informed by one of the maids that a cab was awaiting her, and on arriving at the dance, Hugh Richardson handed her a programme inscribed with the names of the best dancers present. He had gone round the room in his courtly manner, engaging them with a gracious 'Sir, I am told you are a competent dancer. The lady whose programme I hold is a most competent dancer.' He had modestly left one blank space near the end of the evening (the Lancers, I think) for which of course she asked him. As they were dancing it, some juggins trod on a lady's dress, tearing it badly. Immediately from his evening coat tails, Hugh produced two large white safety pins, offering them with a bow: 'Mad, allow me.'

John Dell has described him as a master of improvization. He was, but not a master of boy nature in its more mischievous moods. One foggy morning he had a double science period with the Upper Schoolroom. He told them about dead reckoning, how ships find their way at sea in foggy weather. Then, providing each boy with a compass, he invited them to find their way across the field to the pavilion and back. One by one he saw them set off. Watch in hand he waited for their return. He saw no more of them during those two periods. All lost without trace!

In my last term I had a chat with him in Gala week. We were standing near the Bootham Park railings. He told me that Lunatic Asylums were henceforward to be Mental Hospitals, that people—normal people—would go to them at week-ends for rest and refreshment, much as they now go to the seaside. I was to learn afterwards that he had himself in that way visited a Hydro. But when (in the evening) he sad town to dinner, the one thing he had dreaded happened. The lady next to him, fishing for sympathy, told him how at any moment she might drop down dead. Gravely he answered her: 'Madam, I congratulate you. It is the fear of death that adds the spice to life.'

Victor W. Alexander, in Bootham 26.4:144-145
1936-11-24 of Wheel Birks; d. Wheelbirks, Stocksfield GRO index; National Probate Calendar; Bootham School Register; Bootham 18.2:95; ACAD

Heard that Hugh had died in his sleep on Monday night. Very grieved to think we shall so him no more. He was so good & kind & clever & has been a friend for many, many years & a beloved brother-in-law.

diary of Mary S.W. Pollard

B. Betty & I by 9.40? train to N/C. Here I bought lilies & white lilac for Colin & we had a drink. To Stocksfield where Colin met us & drove us to Wheel Birks—found Evie there. After lunch, coffin put on farm cart, surrounded by holly & wreaths & taken by large horse, labourers walking beside, to Hindly Church. We went straight to graveside, & Laurie read 90th psalm & spoke most beautifully on the husbandman who plants trees & does not see the result thereof. Colin read Whittier’s poem "call him not heretic" & Donald Gray spoke v. nicely. It was all very pathetic. We went back to tea, & then it began to pour. Molly motored us to her house to see the children & we got back to York after 9.0.

1937-03-17 will proved at Newcastle-on-Tyne by Mary Foster Thomas (wife of Ebenezer Rhys Thomas) Colin Spence Richardson farmer and Esther Watson Adams (wife of Alan Henry Adams); effects £10,545 6s. 5d. National Probate Calendar
  The Hugh Richardson Papers, 1905-1934, are held as Collection DG 032 in the Swarthmore College Peace Collection. The collection consists of letters written to Richardson by peace leaders—such as Horace Alexander of the Peace Committee of the Society of Friends and Carl Heath of the National Peace Council—and others, as well as letters regarding Richardson's visits to prisoners-of-war (mostly from internees in the camps, thanking Richardson for his letters, visits and gifts). It also contains Richardson's manuscript articles and play, his travel journals, periodicals in German from prisoner-of-war camps in Scotland and the Isle of Man, and miscellaneous material. Hugh Richardson Papers, which contains a detailed description of the collection

02. Arthur Richardson, RBA

1865 Q3 b. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland GRO index; censuses
1871 scholar, living at 29 Rye Hill, Elswick, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, with his family, a nurse, and two domestic servants TNA: PRO RG 10/5075 f77 p6
1881 scholar, one of 24 pupils at Bancroft Boys School, Hitchin, Hertfordshire, under Cranstone Woodhead, schoolmaster PRO RG 11/1418 f114 p5
1890-11-06 artist, of Newcastle on Tyne; m. Lydia Susie Russell (1870–1953, of 1 Wickham Gardens, Deptford, b. New Cross, London, d. of John Russell, Captain S.S. Malaga), at St Peter's pc, Deptford, London, after banns parish register; GRO index; censuses
Children: Christopher (1892–1932, b. Cheltenham, Gloucestershire), Ambrose (1896–1971, b. Newcastle-upon-Tyne), and Ralph David (1902–1983, b. Cheltenham) GRO index; censuses
1891 artist (painter), neither employer nor employed, living at Wheelbirks (private), Broomley, Northumberland, with a general servant; the household also includes a boarder, and apparently the boarder's wife, whose relationship to the household head is given as "housekeeper", though no occupation is stated in the relevant column RG 12/4244 f5 p3
1893/1911 artist, art master, Cheltenham Ladies College, of Cheltenham Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
1894-03-10 at the Fine Art Exhibition:

"Milton's Cottage at Chalfont," by Arthur Richardson, is broadly painted, and will interest lovers of the great English Bard, but Mr. Richardson's best work is a beautiful little water-colour entitled "Sunrise on the Tyne Valley," a scene near Hodden-on-the-Water. The colour is refined and delicate in tone.

Cheltenham Looker-On
1895-03-02 at the Cheltenham Fine Art Society exhibition: "Mr Arthur Richardson exhibits two clever pictures, "Moonrise" (264) and "A Golden Harvest" (268) [ . . . ]" Cheltenham Chronicle
1897-02-27 at the Cheltenham and County Fine Art Exhibition: "Oh! River flowing in the Sea," by Arthur Richardson, is a pretty composition, pleasing in colour and well executed; his smaller work is of equal merit." Cheltenham Looker-On
1901 art teacher and artist, own account, living at Lang Syne, Tivoli Rd, Cheltenham, with his wife, his son Ambrose, and a nurse RG 13/2465 f113 p30
1911 art teacher, artist, Ladies College, living alone at Lang Syne, Tivoli Rd, Cheltenham RG14PN15564 RG78PN947 RD333 SD2 ED29 SN12
1913-11-29 at the Fine Art Exhibition: ""Mr. Arthur Richardson, R.B.A., an accomplished artist, was the judge in the painting department." Cheltenham Looker-On






Cheltenham Looker-On
1928-07-29 of 1 West Cliff, Dawlish, Devon; d. Newton Abbot RD GRO index; National Probate Calendar
1928-09-24 will proved at Exeter by Christopher Richardson and Ambrose Richardson, motor engineers; effects £11,794 5s. 3d.; resworn £11,529 14s. 2d. National Probate Calendar

03. Edith Richardson, LLA (Hons) (Edie)

1867 Q3 b. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland GRO index; censuses
1871 living at 29 Rye Hill, Elswick, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, with his family, a nurse, and two domestic servants TNA: PRO RG 10/5075 f77 p6
1881-01/1883-06 of Newcastle-upon-Tyne; at The Mount School, York The Mount School, York. List of Teachers and Scholars 1784–1816, 1831–1906. 1906, York: Sessions; H. Winifred Sturge, ed. (n.d. [1932]) A Register of Old Scholars of The Mount School, York 1931–1932. Leominster: The Orphans' Printing Press
1881 scholar, living at The Gables, Elswick, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, with her family, a nurse, a cook, a housemaid, and an under housemaid PRO RG 11/5051 f89 p2
  LLA Hons, Cheltenham and Armstrong Coll.; Herkomer Sch. of Art and Paris Studios Sturge, ed. (n.d. [1932])
1891 living at The Gables, Elswick, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, with her family, a nurse, a housemaid, and a cook RG 12/4197 f115 p38
1901 artist (painter), own account, at home, living alone at Studio, Rosebery Rd, Bushey, Hertfordshire RG 13/1314 f103 p22
1911 artist and writer, living alone in 2 rooms at The Studio, Rosebery Road, Bushey RG14PN7693 RG78PN379 RD140 SD1 ED7 SN152
1932 artist and author, The Studio, Tolmers, near Hertford; 7 books published, some with own illustrations; pictures (oil and water colour) exhibited at Royal Academy, and other public galleries; decorative work taught and done. Ran a "doorstep library" Sturge, ed. (n.d. [1932])
  no published books located in the BL catalogue, or at or; either the books were published anonymously/pseudonymously, or they were privately printed only  
1935-09-09 of The Studio, Tolmers, near Hertford; d. at the Bedford Lodge Nursing Home, Hertford GRO index; National Probate Calendar
1935-10-22 will proved at London by the Public Trustee; effects £8942 9s. 7d. National Probate Calendar

04. Lawrence Richardson, MSc

1869-08-22 b. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland GRO index; censuses
1871 living at 29 Rye Hill, Elswick, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, with his family, a nurse, and two domestic servants TNA: PRO RG 10/5075 f77 p6
1881/1886 at Bootham School, York Edgar B. Collinson, ed. (1935) Bootham School Register, 2nd edition
1881 scholar, of Friends Boys School, 20 Bootham, St Giles, York, Yorkshire PRO RG 11/4717 f55 p50
1885 O.Y.S.A. scholarship Collinson, ed. (1935)
1886 Matric., 6th in Hons
1890 tanner source misplaced
1891 leather manufacturer, employer, living at The Gables, Elswick, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, with his family, a nurse, a housemaid, and a cook RG 12/4197 f115 p38
1897 of the Gables, Newcastle; subscriber to Robert Spence Watson's History of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Newcastle upon Tyne Members of the Lit & Phil
by 1898-10-18 had donated £5 to the mayor's fund for the relief of the distriess caused by the hurricane in the West Indies Morning Post
1901 leather manufacturer, employer, of 'The Gables', Gloster Ter., Elswick, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, living with his family, two housemaids, and a cook RG 13/4772 f87 p1
  went out to South Africa twice after Boer War, on behalf of Friends' Relief Committee Collinson, ed. (1935)
1904-05-17 of Newcastle-upon-Tyne; m. Gertrude Mary Edmundson (1877–1947), at Newcastle-upon-Tyne Friends' meeting-house, Northumberland GRO index; Old York Scholars' Association (1971) Bootham School Register. London: Oyez Press; Ackworth Old Scholars' Association Annual Report (1904); Bootham 2.2:159
Children: Mary Edmundson (1906–2001), Constance (1907–1989), Winifred (1910–1992), Herbert Watson (1913–1988), Helen (1916–2000), all b. Newcastle-upon-Tyne GRO index; The Friend; Sturge (1932); Ackworth Old Scholars' Association Annual Report (1998)

Lecture at Backworth.—A very interesting lecture on the "Buddist Philosophy," was given in the Backworth Institute Hall, on Sunday night last by Mr. Lawrence Richardson of Newcastle. Councillor J.M. Barrow was in the chair. Mr. Richardson gave excerpts from the teachings of Budda, and also selections from Sir Edwin Arnold's poem "The Light of Asia." After the lecture some beautiful lantern slides were shown illustrating the scenes of interest, prominent places in India around which the Buddist teaching is woven. A vote of thanks was given to the lecturer. The audience though not large, was a very interested one.

Morpeth Herald, 1906-11-17
1911 leather manufacturer, employer, living in 12 rooms at Stoneham, Beech Grove Rd, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, living with his family, a cook, a housemaid, and a nurse RG14PN30600 RG78PN1753 RD558 SD3 ED22 SN295
1911-07-02 treasurer of the North-Eastern Associated for the feeble-minded Shields Daily Gazette, 1911-07-03
1914-02-18 leather manufacturer; co-executor of his father's will National Probate Calendar
1914-08-04 presided at a meeting of the Tyneside Peace Association Newcastle Journal, 1914-08-05
1915-05-08 a member of the executive committee to prepare for the visit to Newcastle of the British Association, in September 2016 Newcastle Journal
1920/1928 member of the Schools Committee OYSA (1971)
1922 manufacturer National Probate Calendar
1930 leather manufacturer National Probate Calendar
1935 leather manufacturer, of Stoneham, Beech Grove Road, Newcastle-upon-Tyne; hobby—astronomy Collinson, ed. (1935)
  distinguished amateur astronomer; Hon. MSc (Durham) OYSA (1971)
1939 of Newcastle-upon-Tyne The Friend
1939-09-29 managing director leather works, living at Stoneham, Beech Gr. Rd, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, with his wife and his daughter Winifred, with a cook general 1939 England and Wales Register (TNA: PRO RG 101)
1940-12-23 represented the Literary and Philosophical Society at the funeral of Dr F.W. Dendy Newcastle Journal, 1940-12-24
1941 of Stonehame, Beech Gr rd, Newcastle 4; tel. Newcastle 34580 phone book
1942-10-13 of Beech Grove Road, Newcastle; letter the Journal re 'No reprisals' Newcastle Journal
1945/1946 of Stonehame, Beech Gr rd, Newcastle 4; tel. Newcastle 34580 phone book
1953-11-12 of 30 Osborne-avenue, Newcastle-upon-Tyne; d. Newcastle G. RD GRO index; Bootham; National Probate Calendar
1954-04-03 will proved at Newcastle-upon-Tyne by Mary Edmundson Philipson, married woman, and Herbert Watson Richardson, farmer; effects £29,371 2s. 6d. National Probate Calendar

05. Gilbert Hancock Richardson (Gillie)

1871-09-05 b. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland GRO index; censuses; 1939 England and Wales Register (TNA: PRO RG 101)
1881 scholar, living at The Gables, Elswick, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, with his family, a nurse, a cook, a housemaid, and an under housemaid TNA: PRO RG 11/5051 f89 p2
1884/1889 at Bootham School, York Edgar B. Collinson, ed. (1935) Bootham School Register, 2nd edition
  "Kept bees; taut myself Phonography; Curator of Workshop, Librarian; Rote three essays; Took Green and some lectures on Philosophy: Sec of Tyneside Students' Assoc." Collinson, ed. (1935)
1891 at Armstrong College, Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1891 student of science, living at The Gables, Elswick, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, with his family, a nurse, a housemaid, and a cook PRO RG 12/4197 f115 p38
  "Traveld abroad, visiting Egypt in 1895 and 1908" Collinson, ed. (1935)
1900 published "Catalog of Frends' Library, Newcastle"
1901 leather manufacturer, employer, of 'The Gables', Gloster Ter., Elswick, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, living with his family, two housemaids, and a cook RG 13/4772 f87 p1
1903 "On Ayton Scool Com." Collinson, ed. (1935)
1900 published "Catalog of Frends' Library, South Shields"
1907-01-30 departed Liverpool for New York, aboard the S.S. Baltic New York passenger lists
1907-02-08 manufr, of Newcastle; arrived New York from Liverpool, destination The Elms, Poughkeepsie, New York; in good health; not an polygamist or an anarchist; 5'10½", fresh complexion, brown hair, brown eyes
1911 superintendent repairs and extensions of machinery and buildings, leather manufacturer, employer, boarder in 10 rooms at Langbaurgh Farm, Gt Ayton, Yorkshire RG14PN29335 RG78PN1698 RD536 SD1 ED10 SN1
1912 "Ackworth Scool Com." Collinson, ed. (1935)
  Classical Assoc.
1913 "Frends' Central Educ. Com. and Mtg for Sufferings"
from 1913 onwards "occupied largely with International Language Ido: Helpt translating several pamphlets and publishing Ido-English and English Ido Dictionaries"
1914/1918 "Helpt with Belgian refugees"
1917/1923 "Clark of Newcastle M.M."
1921 "Helpt with Viennese Children"
1924/1928 "Entertained German students during their vac."
1925 Institute of Philosophical Studies and International Phonetic Assoc.
1927 published Time and Space Chart of Human History, and, in Ido 'Flugo' "(vers)"
joined Tyne Soc. Anti-Litter
1928 joined Institute of Industrial Psychology
1929 published 'Space e Tempo' (vers)
"conducted a Speakers' Clas for wimen"
1934 published 'Naturo ed Arto' (vers); and Egiptia
1935 leather manufacturer, of 164 Rye Hill, Newcastle-upon-Tyne 4; one of the consultants in pronunciation for Webster's New International Dictionary of the Eng. Lang; hobbies—reading, walks, sketching, simplified spelling
1939-09-29 director leather firm, living with a housekeeper at 164 Rye Hill, Newcastle-upon-Tyne 1939 England and Wales Register
1950-07-13 of 164 Rye Hill, Newcastle-upon-Tyne; d. Wheelbirks, Stocksfield, Northumberland GRO index; Bootham; National Probate Calendar
1950-12-12 will proved at Newcastle-upon-Tyne by Lloyds Bank Limited; effects £62,705 15s. 8d. National Probate Calendar

A passage on the 'History of Our Language' by Otto Jesperson, translated from the Ido original by Gilbert H. Richardson, appears on p. 139 of Large, Andrew (1985) The Artificial Language Movement, Oxford: Blackwell.


06. Dr Catherine Mary Richardson, MD, ChB (Katie)

1874-10-01 b. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland GRO index; censuses; 1939 England and Wales Register (TNA: PRO RG 101)
1881 scholar, living at The Gables, Elswick, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, with her family, a nurse, a cook, a housemaid, and an under housemaid TNA: PRO RG 11/5051 f89 p2
1889 Easter passed pianoforte exam, junior division, of the Royal Academy of Music Newcastle Courant, 1889-07-13
1891 not found in census  
1892-07-22 of the Ladies' College, Cheltenham; in the first division, University of London Matriculation exam Western Daily Press
1895-08-09 of Durham College of Science, Newcastle-on-Tyne; passed the preliminary scientific (M.B.) exam, in the second division York Herald
1901 practitioner of medicine, resid. officer, of Bruntsfield Lodge, Edinburgh Morningside, Midlothian, Scotland 1901 Scotland census


[ . . . ] Miss Catherine Mary Richardson, M.B., Ch.B. (Univ. Edinburgh) has been appointed house surgeon of the same institution

Sheffield Daily Telegraph
1905-03-30 house surgeon at the Children's Hospital; gave evidence in two inquests at Derby Town Hall Derby Daily Telegraph, 1905-03-30
1905-07-28 awarded MD degree at the Edinburgh University graduation ceremony Edinburgh Evening News, 1905-07-28
1911 general practitioner of medicine, own account, living in 7 rooms at 5 Side Cliff Road, Roker, Sunderland, Durham, with a working housekeeper RG 14/30233 RD555 ED21
1939-09-29 registered medical practitioner, enrolled with local emergency committee of the British Medical Ass[ . . . ], living at 4 Park Avenue, Hexham, Northumberland, with two domestic servants 1939 England and Wales Register
1957-12-29 of 4 Park Avenue, Hexham, Northumberland; d. at The General Hospital, Hexham GRO index; National Probate Calendar
1958-03-13 will proved at Newcastle-upon-Tyne by Lloyds Bank Limited, Colin Spence Richardson, farmer, and Esther Watson Adams (wife of Alan Henry Adams); effects £8402 4s. 5d National Probate Calendar

07. Lewis Fry Richardson, MA, DSc, FRS

1881-10-11 b. The Gables, Elswick, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland GRO index; censuses; Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  attended local schools in Newcastle for six years Oxford DNB
1891 scholar, living at The Gables, Elswick, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, with his family, a nurse, a housemaid, and a cook TNA: PRO RG 12/4197 f115 p38
1894/1898 at Bootham School, York, "where he received every encouragement to pursue his interest in natural history" Edgar B. Collinson, ed. (1935) Bootham School Register, 2nd edition; Oxford DNB
  at Durham College of Science, Newcastle-upon-Tyne Oxford DNB
  MA, DSc (Lond.), in physics Collinson, ed. (1935)
1900 gained a scholarship to King's College Oxford DNB
1900/1903 at King's College, Cambridge; admitted 1900-10-01; BA (Nat. Sci. Trip., Pt I, 1st Class) Cambridge Independent Press, 1903-06-26; Collinson, ed. (1935); King's Coll. Reg.; Who's Who
1901 undergraduate (Cambs.), one of four visitors with Charles Coleby Morland and family, at 73 Morland Road, Croydon, Surrey PRO RG 13/640 f141 p1

In the following ten years Richardson took a series of research and teaching posts, twice at the National Physical Laboratory, twice in industry, and twice in university physics departments. Of greatest significance for his future career was a spell with National Peat Industries from 1906 to 1907. Here he was asked to calculate how best to design drains in a peat moss, taking into account the annual rainfall. As the mathematical equations involved were not formally soluble, he was led to study approximate methods of solution, first graphical and then numerical. This resulted in the publication in 1910 of his first important paper ‘The approximate solution by finite differences of physical problems involving differential equations’.

Oxford DNB
  at NPL, Teddington, for three years King's Coll. Reg.; Who's Who
1909-01-09 of Newcastle-upon-Tyne; m. Dorothy Garnett (1887–1956, b. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, d. of William and Rebecca (Samways) Garnett), at the Congregational Church, Lyndhurst Road, Hampstead, London GRO index; Bootham
1910-08-21 physicist; arrived Liverpool from New York, aboard the White Star Line Celtic UK incoming passenger lists
1911 scientific expert, Sunbeam Lamp Company, metal filament electric incandescent lamp manufacturer, worker (working for limited company), living in 11 rooms at 9 Gainsborough Gardens, Hampstead, with his brother-in-law James Clerk Maxwell Garnett and his family RG14PN593 RG78PN22 RD8 SD1 ED3 SN149
1912 became an associate member, the Society of Telegraph Engineers UK electrical engineers' lists

Richardson realized that his method for obtaining approximate solutions to differential equations could have many practical applications, including weather prediction. His appointment in 1913 as the superintendent of Eskdalemuir observatory in Dumfriesshire and the encouragement of the director of the Meteorological Office, Sir Napier Shaw, at last gave him the opportunity to develop his ideas.

The Scotsman, 1913-06-24; Oxford DNB
1914/1915 of Eskdale Observatory, Langholm, Dumfriesshire UK electrical engineers' lists
1916-06-24/1919-01 engaged in the war; entitled to British and Victory medals British Army World War I medal rolls index cards; UK World War I service medal and award rolls

By 1916, when he resigned from the Meteorological Office to join the Friends’ Ambulance Unit, he had practically completed the first draft of his book Weather Prediction by Numerical Process. All that remained was to compute a weather forecast to demonstrate how his method would work. He made the necessary calculations while serving as an ambulance driver in France.

Oxford DNB
  served with the FAU with the French Army King's Coll. Reg.; Who's Who
  due to an incompatibility in their blood types, the couple were unable to have children of their own Oxford DNB
Adopted children: Olaf Kenneth Morley (1917–1983), Stephen Alexander (1920 – after 1953), and Elaine Dorothy (1927 – after 1983) OYSA (1971)

His war experiences and Quaker beliefs led him at the same time to turn his thoughts to the causes of war and how to prevent them. He felt that it might be useful to tackle this problem by an objective scientific approach. His first paper on this subject, Mathematical Psychology of War, was published at his own expense in 1919. In it he postulated that the rate of increase of the warlike activity of one nation depended on the current activity of the opposing nation.

On returning to England in 1919 Richardson was reappointed by Shaw, this time to work at Benson Observatory with W. H. Dines on topics relating to numerical weather prediction. He experimented on measuring the vertical distribution of temperature and wind, atmospheric turbulence, and radiation. He derived a criterion, the ‘Richardson number’, for determining whether turbulence will increase or decrease.

Oxford DNB
1920 resigned again from the Meteorological Office because he felt unable to work directly for the armed services—the office had become part of the Air Ministry
1920/1929 lecturer in physics and mathematics at Westminster Training College

Richardson’s book on Weather Prediction by Numerical Process was finally published in 1922. Although the pioneering nature of his method was widely recognized, the book had no practical impact: existing observing and computing facilities were very inadequate and his computed forecast was grossly in error. His ideas were taken more seriously in the 1950s thanks to the availability of better observations and much faster computers, and within a few years numerical methods had been introduced all over the world. In his early years at Westminster, Richardson continued his meteorological researches, especially on atmospheric diffusion. From his experiments he deduced a new law for the rate of diffusion; some twenty years later the same law was obtained independently on theoretical grounds.

Oxford DNB; Who Was Who, accessed 20 Dec 2015
1924-07-25 physicist; departed for Canada on the S.S. Caronia, travelling cabin class, visiting the British Association in Toronto; wife of 31 Bridge Lane, Golders Green, London NW11 Canada, ocean arrivals
1924-08-26 physicist, of 31 Bridge Lane, Golders Green, London; arrived London from Montreal, on the Cunard Andania UK incoming passenger lists


FRS The Scotsman, 1926-02-19; Collinson, ed. (1935)

While still a student at Cambridge, Richardson had decided to spend the first half of his life under the strict discipline of physics and then to apply this training to researches on living things. The change came in 1926 when he abandoned meteorology for psychology, immediately after being elected a fellow of the Royal Society. By 1929 he had already published the first of a series of papers on the quantitative estimation of perception, including brightness, colour, loudness, and pain. The accepted view at that time was that such measurements were meaningless but twenty years later his methods were being used widely by psychologists.

Oxford DNB
  physicist and meteorologist, of Kilmun, Argyll, Scotland Old York Scholars' Association (1971) Bootham School Register. London: Oyez Press
1929 BSc Psychology Collinson, ed. (1935)
1929-12-06 of King's; received MA degree from Cambridge Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer, 1929-12-07
1929/1940 Principal, Paisley Technical College, Scotland OYSA (1971)
  mathematician and pacifist Oxford DNB
1935 Principal of Paisley Technical College, of 38 Main Road, Castle Head, Paisley; formerly on staffs of National Physical Laboratory of Meteorological Office and of Westminster Training College, London; hobby and interest—scientific research Collinson, ed. (1935)

Another break came in 1935 when, after the failure of the disarmament conference in Geneva, Richardson decided to re-examine his earlier work on the causes of war. By using expenditure on arms as a measure of warlike activity, he showed that his simple mathematical model of an arms race corresponded roughly to what had happened in the run-up to both world wars. He next analysed statistically data on past wars and other deadly quarrels from a card catalogue which he himself had compiled, and found a number of significant relationships which he then tried to explain. As he was unable to find a publisher for the books containing all his findings, he published them himself on microfilm. Edited versions were published posthumously in 1960 under the titles Arms and Insecurity and Statistics of Deadly Quarrels. Another posthumous publication, The Problem of Contiguity, was influential in the development of fractals and of chaos theory.

Oxford DNB
1939-09-29 not found in 1939 Register 1939 England and Wales Register (TNA: PRO RG 101)
1939 published Generalized Foreign Politics Who Was Who
1943 left Paisley for Hillside House, Kilmun, on the Firth of Clyde
  Fellow Brit. Psychological Soc.
  formerly Hon. Secretary of Royal Meteorological Society  
1953-09-30 d. Hillside House, Kilmun, on the Firth of Clyde, Argyll, of a heart attack GRO index; Bootham; National Probate Calendar; Oxford DNB
1953-10-05 cremated at Maryhill, Glasgow, Scotland, followed the same day by a memorial service of the Society of Friends in Glasgow Oxford DNB
1953-11-16 confirmation; estate of £3726 18s. 1d.
1953-11-25 confirmation of Dorothy Richardson sealed at London National Probate Calendar

See also: Oliver M. Ashford, Prophet—or professor: the life and work of Lewis Fry Richardson (1985);  E. Gold, Obits. FRS, 9 (1954), 217–35; Collected papers of Lewis Fry Richardson, ed. O. M. Ashford and others, 2 vols. (1993)


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