Anarchism and science fiction: Y

Michael Young: The Rise of the Meritocracy 1870–2033: The New Elite of Our Social Revolution (1958)

The Rise of the Meritocracy takes the form of a report on the subject written by a historical sociologist in 2033. The narrator fully supports the meritocratic system, the author tacitly does not; this results in the case for meritocracy being well-presented, the case against only as well supplied as the reader can imagine unaided. Thus as a dystopia (as which it is intended) it is perhaps over-subtle.

   It was reviewed at some length in Freedom in 1959, raising for Norman Rush the question


Under what conditions does natural excellence serve the species, and not rise into a hostile and dangerous agency? A human answer can only be elaborated out of libertarian devices—the division of labour in time, the mixture of species of work, territorial contraction of authoirty and rotation in office, new engines of democratic initiative and appeal, competition in excellence and benefit. Is there any course open to egalitarians other than beginning at once, outside politics, with serious demonstrations in work, education, and leisure of the possibilities of a free and reasonable life?


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